Evaluating sustainable energy potentials through carbon emission assessment of small and medium-sized enterprises in the global south: a case in Wula, CRS Nigeria

Udie, J. ORCID: 0000-0002-0070-3369, Mazhar, M. ORCID: 0000-0003-2749-6408, Udeozor, V. ORCID: 0000-0002-7025-8221, Betiang, P. and Bhattacharyya, S., 2020. Evaluating sustainable energy potentials through carbon emission assessment of small and medium-sized enterprises in the global south: a case in Wula, CRS Nigeria. In: 2nd International Conference on Aligning Local Interventions with the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), De Montfort University, Leicester, 02 July 2020.

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There is increasing focus on sustainable energy in developing countries as part of their transition to low carbon economy. Approximately, 40% of the world’s population, mostly in low- and middle-income countries, do not have access to modern energy. Developing countries including Nigeria are facing energy poverty. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) have a role in achieving the United Nations’ (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Absence of sustainable energy is hindering the growth of SMEs in the Global South with impacts on society. In Nigeria, inaccessibility and regular outages of power from the national grid compels SMEs to rely on fossil-fuel based energy which exacerbate pollution and carbon footprint having environmental, social and economic consequences. This project evaluates the potential of sustainable energy in SMEs for minimizing carbon footprint and accelerating the energy transition in a local community of Wula, Nigeria. This exploratory investigation conducted semi-structured interviews with 16 SMEs to obtain data on energy consumption including energy type, quantity consumed and annual cost to estimate carbon footprint and identify sustainable energy needs.

The study found that there is significant potential for sustainable energy in the local community and joined-up approach in interventions cannot only address environmental issues but social issues in the local community. The analysis indicates that SMEs spend $13,563.4 annually on fossil fuel-based energy and consume 33,215 litres of petrol/annum; and an estimated carbon footprint of 76,891.0642 KgCO2e (equivalent of 76.89106 tCO2e) per annum. The project helps to understand state of the problem and plans to reduce CO2 emissions and sustain SMEs by installing sustainable energy systems based on the community needs and contribute towards the SDGs. This could open new markets and business opportunities for the poor in the rural area, hence lift families out of poverty and transform lives as a contribution towards SDGs.

Item Type: Conference contribution
Creators: Udie, J., Mazhar, M., Udeozor, V., Betiang, P. and Bhattacharyya, S.
Date: 2 July 2020
Divisions: Schools > Nottingham Business School
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 05 Aug 2020 08:53
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 15:18
URI: https://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/40328

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