Dogs don't die just in hot cars – exertional heat-related illness (heatstroke) is a greater threat to UK dogs

Hall, E.J. ORCID: 0000-0002-9978-8736, Carter, A.J. ORCID: 0000-0002-6216-2377 and O'Neill, D.G., 2020. Dogs don't die just in hot cars – exertional heat-related illness (heatstroke) is a greater threat to UK dogs. Animals, 10 (8): 1324. ISSN 2076-2615

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Heat-related illness will affect increasing numbers of dogs as global temperatures rise unless effective mitigation strategies are implemented. This study aimed to identify the key triggers of heat-related illness in dogs and investigate canine risk factors for the most common triggers in UK dogs. Using the VetCompassTM programme, de-identified electronic patient records of 905,543 dogs under primary veterinary care in 2016 were reviewed to identify 1259 heat-related illness events from 1222 dogs. Exertional heat-related illness was the predominant trigger (74.2% of events), followed by environmental (12.9%) and vehicular confinement (5.2%). Canine and human risk factors appear similar; young male dogs had greater odds of exertional heat-related illness, older dogs and dogs with respiratory compromise had the greatest odds of environmental heat-related illness. Brachycephalic dogs had greater odds of all three types of heat-related illness compared with mesocephalic dogs. The odds of death following vehicular heat-related illness (OR 1.47, p = 0.492) was similar to that of exertional heat-related illness. In the UK, exertional heat-related illness affects more dogs, and kills more dogs, than confinement in a hot vehicle. Campaigns to raise public awareness about heat-related illness in dogs need to highlight that dogs don't die just in hot cars.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Animals
Creators: Hall, E.J., Carter, A.J. and O'Neill, D.G.
Publisher: MDPI AG
Date: 2020
Volume: 10
Number: 8
ISSN: 2076-2615
Rights: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. © This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Divisions: Schools > School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 06 Aug 2020 13:25
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 15:18

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