The development and validation of the Videogaming Motives Questionnaire (VMQ)

López-Fernández, F.J., Mezquita, L., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, Ortet, G. and Ibáñez, M.I., 2020. The development and validation of the Videogaming Motives Questionnaire (VMQ). PLoS ONE, 15 (10): e0240726. ISSN 1932-6203

1380521_Griffiths.pdf - Published version

Download (867kB) | Preview


Gaming motives are important factors for explaining individual differences in videogame-related behaviors. The aim of the present study was to develop a new comprehensive but brief instrument–the Videogaming Motives Questionnaire (VMQ)–which embraces some of the most relevant gaming motives. In a first study, a pilot exploratory factor analysis (EFA) with data from 140 undergraduates was performed on items from twelve potential motives. This identified eight main factors: recreation, social interaction, coping, violent reward, fantasy, cognitive development, customization, and competition. In Studies 2 and 3, an EFA and a confirmatory factor analysis were performed on two independent samples of 407 adolescents and 260 young adults, respectively. The VMQ presented a robust eight-factor structure, with all scales showing adequate reliability indices. In reference to criterion validity, all motives presented specific associations with hours spent playing videogames, disordered gaming, and game genre preferences. More specifically, and in both adolescents and young adults, social interaction was the main motive related to time spent gaming, whereas disordered gaming was related to both coping and social interaction motives. Based on these findings, it is concluded that the VMQ is a brief and psychometrically appropriate tool for assessing the most relevant videogaming motives.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: PLoS ONE
Creators: López-Fernández, F.J., Mezquita, L., Griffiths, M.D., Ortet, G. and Ibáñez, M.I.
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Date: 23 October 2020
Volume: 15
Number: 10
ISSN: 1932-6203
Rights: © 2020 López-Fernández et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 26 Oct 2020 09:01
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 15:15

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View


Views per month over past year


Downloads per month over past year