Transglutaminase activity. Tumour growth and metastasis

Knight, C.R.L., 1990. Transglutaminase activity. Tumour growth and metastasis. PhD, Nottingham Trent University.

10290180.pdf - Published version

Download (57MB) | Preview


The aim of this study is to establish the importance of tissue transglutaminase activity in tumour progression and metastasis.

Results from metastatic variants, grown in vitro and in vivo, indicated that cytosolic transglutaminase activity was inversely related to metastatic potential. Cytosolic transglutaminase activity was also seen to decrease during the growth of highly metastatic tumours. Particulate transglutaminase activity did not vary significantly between the variants, or during tumour growth.

A direct relationship between measured transglutaminase activity and the levels of ϵ(γ-glutamyl)lysine (a product of transglutaminase activity) was found. This validated the use of an 'in vitro' activity assay for transglutaminase, and also suggested that ϵ(γ-glutamyl)lysine crosslinks are the product of cytosolic transglutaminase activity.

Preliminary investigations into the cause of the reduction of cytosolic activity suggested an inactivation of the enzyme. Separation of antigenic transglutaminase protein by anion-exchange indicated the presence of an inactive form of transglutaminase that was clearly separable from the active particulate and cytosolic forms of the enzyme. Unlike neoplastic cells and tissues, the presence of an inactive form could not be demonstrated in control cells or normal liver. Measurement of antigen levels indicated an Inverse relationship between the inactive protein and the active cytosolic enzyme, suggesting that the two forms are inter-related. From gel filtration, the molecular weight of the inactive form was found to be greater than both the particulate and cytosolic forms. Partial proteolysis of the inactive form led to its activation and to the appearance of a transglutaminase similar to the cytosolic transglutaminase.

Apoptotic envelopes, formed during programmed cell death, were found to contain greater than 80% of the cellular protein crosslink ϵ(γ-glutamyl)lysine. indicating them to be highly crosslinked structures. A direct correlation was found between cytosolic transglutaminase activity and apoptosis, suggesting a role for this enzyme in programmed cell death.

A number of physical and immunological similarities between the particulate and cytosolic forms were observed. This suggests that the two forms may not be discrete enzymes, but may be modified products of the same gene.

Item Type: Thesis
Creators: Knight, C.R.L.
Date: 1990
ISBN: 9781369324297
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 11 Nov 2020 15:21
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2023 10:06

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View


Views per month over past year


Downloads per month over past year