Using zoo welfare assessments to identify common issues in developing country zoos

Ward, S.J. ORCID: 0000-0002-5857-1071, Williams, E. ORCID: 0000-0003-4492-1605, Groves, G., Marsh, S. and Morgan, D., 2020. Using zoo welfare assessments to identify common issues in developing country zoos. Animals, 10 (11): 2101. ISSN 2076-2615

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Zoo animal welfare is a high priority for many institutions worldwide, with modern zoos now ensuring that animals are housed and cared for to the highest standards. However, in countries where this knowledge is not as available or understood, standards may be lower. The aim of this research was to investigate if there were common zoo welfare concerns across developing country zoos. Wild Welfare is a charity working globally to improve welfare for zoo animals and has an independent welfare audit that is carried out before any intervention occurs. The Wild Welfare Audit, consisting of 110 questions, covering nine topics, was completed at 11 zoos in seven developing countries (Brazil, Egypt, Libya, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia and Vietnam) following a Likert scale score (1-3). A principal component analysis was also performed to evaluate the audit questions. The results suggest that common areas of concern were animal behaviour, positive animal mental states and human health and safety. These themes were likely due to the lack knowledge and understanding that may be linked to historical and cultural differences. This research has helped to revise the welfare audit as well as inform future intervention strategies for improving developing country zoo animal welfare.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Animals
Creators: Ward, S.J., Williams, E., Groves, G., Marsh, S. and Morgan, D.
Publisher: MDPI
Date: 12 November 2020
Volume: 10
Number: 11
ISSN: 2076-2615
Rights: This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Divisions: Schools > School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 12 Nov 2020 15:08
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 15:13

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