The social construction of poverty in the Philippines: making poverty visible in the international relations research agenda

Eadie, P.E., 2003. The social construction of poverty in the Philippines: making poverty visible in the international relations research agenda. PhD, Nottingham Trent University.

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Poverty is the fundamental reality of the majority of the global population. As such it should have central rather than marginal visibility within International Relations (IR). Yet IR suffers from methodological underdevelopment in its treatment of poverty. IR practitioners construct quantitative analyses rather than venture into the field of qualitative post-positivism in poverty research.

Using the Philippines as a case study, this study argues for a socially situated and qualitative treatment of poverty. This aims to develop both methodological rigour within IR poverty research and approaches to poverty that identify the poor as actors, not victims. Issues of participatory democracy, social capital and organisation and agency are central. Polanyi's 'double movement' and Gramsci's 'counter-hegemony' inform analysis of social responses to both the 'disruptions' caused by the market economy and state complicity with this process. Central to this examination are State responses to both civil society and the market regarding the question of poverty.

Originality here is partly theoretical and partly empirical. Theoretically, poverty forms a central, rather than incidental, concern. Elements of Polanyi's and Gramsci's work will be applied in a form not previously developed in IR poverty research; certainly not in the case of the Philippines. Empirically, poverty in both the rural and urban context will be examined. It is argued that, given the 'triumph' of liberal democracy, the relationship between poverty and democracy assumes central importance for poverty relief strategies and is a pivotal factor for state, market and social behaviour. The peripheral status of the poor in the current IR agenda is a reflection of the weakness of DR., rather than the irrelevance of the poor.

Item Type: Thesis
Creators: Eadie, P.E.
Date: 2003
ISBN: 9781369314885
Divisions: Schools > School of Arts and Humanities
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 30 Nov 2020 14:16
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2023 08:44

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