The COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors Index: development and validation in two samples from the United Kingdom

Breakwell, G.M., Fino, E. ORCID: 0000-0002-5095-6014 and Jaspal, R. ORCID: 0000-0002-8463-9519, 2021. The COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors Index: development and validation in two samples from the United Kingdom. Evaluation & the Health Professions. ISSN 0163-2787

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Monitoring compliance with, and understanding the factors affecting, COVID-19 preventive behaviors requires a robust index of the level of subjective likelihood that the individual will engage in key COVID-19 preventive behaviors. In this article, the psychometric properties of the COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors Index (CPBI), including its development and validation in two samples in the United Kingdom, are described. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed on data from 470 participants in the United Kingdom who provided demographic information and completed the Fear of COVID-19 Scale, the COVID-19 Own Risk Appraisal Scale (CORAS) and the CPBI. Results showed that a unidimensional, ten-item model fits the data well, with satisfactory fit indices, internal consistency and high item loadings onto the factor. The CPBI correlated positively with both fear and perceived risk of COVID-19, suggesting good concurrent validity. The CPBI is a measure of the likelihood of engaging in preventive activity, rather than one of intention or actual action. It is adaptable enough to be used over time as a monitoring instrument by policy makers and a modelling tool by researchers.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Creators: Breakwell, G.M., Fino, E. and Jaspal, R.
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Date: 12 January 2021
ISSN: 0163-2787
Rights: © The Author(s) 2021.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 14 Dec 2020 09:38
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 15:07

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