Commercial locations and social deprivation: a critical assessment of alleged anti-social retailers' locations and socio-economic deprivation in England

Adeniyi, O. ORCID: 0000-0002-9888-0063, 2020. Commercial locations and social deprivation: a critical assessment of alleged anti-social retailers' locations and socio-economic deprivation in England. PhD, Nottingham Trent University.

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Critics opine that there is a concentration of gambling, payday loans, high yield interest lenders and rent-to-own outlets (referred to in this thesis as alleged anti-social retailers (AASRs) because of the controversial services they offer) in deprived communities. Critics further allege that these concentrations are deliberately targeted at deprived communities. Unfortunately, this notion of deliberate motive lacks adequate empirical evidence. In addition, a comparison of the location preferences of these AASRs and a more conventional retail group which would adequately address this notion of deliberate targeting is regrettably missing. Accordingly, this thesis carried out a critical comparative analysis of the relationship between AASR and food and grocery retail (FGR) locations in relation to neighbourhood socio-economic deprivation in England and developed a synoptic model that best fits AASR locations. The project used advanced spatial and statistical techniques to actualise the aim of the research.

This research undertook a two-phase analysis to critically compare the location preferences of AASRs and FGRs at neighbourhood scale. Phase 1 examined the relationship by carrying out a nationwide study which compared patterns of AASRs and FGRs along the different socio-economic dimensions in England using the English Index of Multiple Deprivation 2015 and three of its sub-domains (i.e. income, employment and education, skills and training deprivation domains). Methods employed include hotspot analysis, Spearman correlation and binomial logistic regression. The results reveal prevalence of AASR and FGR outlets in the most deprived and moderately deprived neighbourhoods respectively across income, employment and education deprivation. Even after accounting for differing levels of commercialisation, AASRs were more prevalent in deprived localities, whereas, FGRs were prevalent in affluent neighbourhoods.

The Phase 2 of the study critically compared the location of AASRs and FGRs across socioeconomic aspects in Leeds, Nottingham and Bristol to further unravel complexities in their similarities and differences and further develop a series of models that best fits AASR locations. The results show that although neighbourhood socio-economic characteristic positively influence the location of both retail groups, the effect is more pronounced with AASRs. Results further identified that neighbourhood characteristics alone do not explain the supply of AASRs.

Item Type: Thesis
Creators: Adeniyi, O.
Date: December 2020
Rights: This work is the intellectual property of the author. You may copy up to 5% of this work for private study, or personal, non-commercial research. Any re-use of the information contained within this document should be fully referenced, quoting the author, title, university, degree level and pagination. Queries or requests for any other use, or if a more substantial copy is required, should be directed to the owner(s) of the Intellectual Property Rights.
Divisions: Schools > Nottingham Business School
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 20 Jan 2021 11:44
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 15:07

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