Lameness detection in cows using hierarchical deep learning and synchrosqueezed wavelet transform

Jarchi, D., Kaler, J. and Sanei, S. ORCID: 0000-0002-3437-2801, 2021. Lameness detection in cows using hierarchical deep learning and synchrosqueezed wavelet transform. IEEE Sensors Journal. ISSN 1530-437X

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Objectives: Identification of cow lameness is important to farmers to improve and manage cattle health and welfare. No validated tools exist for automatic lameness detection. In this research, we aim to early detect the cow lameness by identifying the instantaneous fundamental gait harmonics from low frequency (16Hz) acceleration signals recorded using leg-worn sensors.

Methods: A triaxial accelerometer has been worn on each cow leg. Synchrosqueezed wavelet transform (SSWT) has been applied to acceleration signals to generate the initial time-frequency spectrum related to the gait. This spectrum is given as an input to a designed deep neural network including time-frequency based long short-term memory (LSTM) to estimate instantaneous frequencies at each time point. An inverse SSWT (ISSWT) is then used to recover the gait harmonic and to estimate an enhanced spectrum.

Results: Validation of instantaneous frequencies has been provided for each cow leg (combined signals from 23 cows) and the time-series cross validator across the three folds are provided. The average of mean squared errors in frequencies across 3 folds for each leg is obtained as 0.036, 0.033, 0.044 and 0.042 for left-front, right-front, right-back and left-back legs, respectively.

Conclusion: Estimation of instantaneous gait frequencies is proved useful for identification of cow gait phases, lameness detection, accurate estimation of gait speed, coherency in movement among the legs and identification of non-gait episodes. Moreover, the proposed method can be used as a new frequency ridge estimation method exploiting SSWT for many other applications.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: IEEE Sensors Journal
Creators: Jarchi, D., Kaler, J. and Sanei, S.
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Date: 26 January 2021
ISSN: 1530-437X
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 02 Feb 2021 09:39
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 15:07

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