The association between COVID-19 pandemic and maternal isolated hypothyroxinemia in first and second trimesters

Hua, J., Shen, J., Zhang, J., Zhou, Y., Du, W. ORCID: 0000-0002-5115-7214 and Williams, G.J. ORCID: 0000-0001-7689-1231, 2021. The association between COVID-19 pandemic and maternal isolated hypothyroxinemia in first and second trimesters. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 128: 105210. ISSN 0306-4530

1431072_Du.pdf - Post-print

Download (920kB) | Preview


Background: The outbreak of COVID-19 epidemic has induced entire cities in China placed under ‘mass quarantine’. The majority of pregnant women have to be confined at home may be more vulnerable to stressors. In our study, we aimed to explore the effects of the epidemic on maternal thyroid function, so as to provide evidence for prevention and intervention of sustained maternal and offspring’s health impairment produced by thyroid dysfunction.
Methods: The subjects were selected from an ongoing prospective cohort study. we included the pregnant women who receive a thyroid function test during the COVID-19 epidemic and those receiving the test during the corresponding lunar period of 2019. A total of 7148 pregnant women with complete information were included in the final analysis. Multivariate linear and logistic regression models were used for analyzing the association of COVID-19 pandemic with FT4 levels and isolated hypothyroxinemia.
Results: We found a decreased maternal FT4 level during the period of the COVID-19 pandemic in first and second trimesters (β=-0. 131, 95%CI=-0.257,-0.006 p=0.040) and in first trimester (β=-0. 0.176, 95%CI=-0.326,-0.026 p=0.022) when adjusting for 25 (OH) vitamin D, vitamin B12, folate and ferritin and gestational days, maternal socio-demographic characteristics and health conditions. The status of pandemic increased the risks of isolated hypothyroxinemia in first and second trimesters (OR=1.547, 95%CI= 1.251,1.913, p < 0.001) and first trimester (OR=1.651, 95%CI=1.289,2.114, p < 0.001) when adjusting for the covariates. However, these associations disappeared in the women with positive TPOAb (p > 0.05). Additionally, we found associations between daily reported new case of COVID-19 and maternal FT4 for single-day lag1, lag3 and multi-day lag01 and lag04 when adjusting for the covariates (each p < 0.05).
Conclusions: Mass confinement as a primary community control strategy may have a significant cost to public health resources. Access to health service systems and adequate medical resources should be improved for pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Creators: Hua, J., Shen, J., Zhang, J., Zhou, Y., Du, W. and Williams, G.J.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: June 2021
Volume: 128
ISSN: 0306-4530
S0306453021000846Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 21 Apr 2021 09:51
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2022 03:00

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View


Views per month over past year


Downloads per month over past year