Evaluation of dried papaya pomace meal in laying hen diets

Tamiru, B., Alkhtib, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-3381-0304, Tamiru, M., Demeke, S., Burton, E. ORCID: 0000-0003-2784-6922, Tolemariam, T., Debela, L. and Janssens, G.P.J., 2021. Evaluation of dried papaya pomace meal in laying hen diets. Veterinary Medicine and Science. ISSN 2053-1095

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In the search for alternative feed resources for laying hens, papaya pomace is available as industrial by-product but information on its nutritive value is lacking. Dried papaya pomace was included in a common laying hen diet at 0%, 2.5%, 5% and 7.5% to evaluate its effect on egg production performance, egg quality and general health parameters in Bovan brown layers. For every inclusion level, three cages with ten 20-week-old layers were used, making a total of 120 hens. The effect of dried papaya pomace inclusion on egg production, egg quality and general health parameters was evaluated. Dried papaya pomace inclusion improved egg production and laying by 6.15% and 17% respectively, while it significantly decreased feed conversion ratio by 7.5%. Eggshell weight, thickness and strength of PP5 were higher than the control by 0.3 g, 0.8 mm and 0.43 kg/cm2, respectively. There was a significant improvement in albumin weight (by 1.5 g/L), albumin height (2.1 mm), yolk weight (0.4 g/L), yolk height (0.4 mm), yolk colour (4.4 points) and Haugh unit (8 points) due to PP5 treatment. Inclusion of papaya pomace at a level of 7.5% of layers diet had negative effect on Egg production, feed conversion ratio and interior and exterior egg quality traits. Inclusion of papaya pomace affected significantly serum total cholesterol, serum triglyceride, serum low density lipoprotein, serum high density lipoprotein, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and white blood cell count. However, all blood traits of the experimental animals were within the normal ranges reported for layers. Inclusion of papaya pomace in 5% of layers commercial diets improves egg production and quality without negative impact on health while decreasing feeding cost.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Veterinary Medicine and Science
Creators: Tamiru, B., Alkhtib, A., Tamiru, M., Demeke, S., Burton, E., Tolemariam, T., Debela, L. and Janssens, G.P.J.
Publisher: Wiley
Date: 6 May 2021
ISSN: 2053-1095
Rights: © 2021 The Authors Veterinary Medicine and Science Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Divisions: Schools > School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 02 Jun 2021 13:09
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2021 13:09
URI: https://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/42961

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