Towards a game-based perceptual training tool for improving motorcycle detection

Poon, P., 2020. Towards a game-based perceptual training tool for improving motorcycle detection. PhD, Nottingham Trent University.

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Motorcyclists are disproportionately vulnerable to perceptual failures by other drivers on the road, which are often termed as look-but-fail-to-see collisions. There is theoretical basis to suggest that dual drivers may have an advantage for perceiving motorcycles because they are more familiar with motorcycles. Given the high prevalence of such perceptual failures, there is also scope to explore whether car drivers' perceptual abilities for motorcycles could be enhanced through training. The two main research questions in this thesis are: 1) whether dual drivers have better motorcycle perceptual skills than car drivers and 2) whether car drivers' motorcycle perceptual skills can be improved through a Pelmanism-based motorcycle training tool.

To address the first research question, Experiments 1-3 reported in Chapter 3 compared dual drivers' and car drivers' motorcycle perception on a range of perceptual tasks. No motorcycle-specific perceptual advantage for dual drivers was found. The findings challenge the notion that dual drivers have enhanced perceptual skills for motorcycles than car drivers.

The second research question was addressed in Experiments 4-8. Experiments 4 and 5 demonstrated that dual drivers consistently performed better in terms of matching accuracy on the motorcycle Pelmanism task than car drivers. This is the first piece of evidence indicating that the motorcycle Pelmanism task taps into skills that reflect real world experience. Experiments 6 and 7 then examined the effectiveness of game elements and helped inform the number of rounds to include in the final version of the motorcycle Pelmanism training task that was evaluated in Experiment 8. Unfortunately, this version of the motorcycle Pelmanism training task was not effective in improving drivers' motorcycle perceptual skills, measured by the three perceptual tasks reported in Chapter 3. However, the use of a motorcycle Pelmanism training tool should not yet be ruled out, as research on the motorcycle Pelmanism training tool is still at a preliminary stage. If successful, the motorcycle Pelmanism training tool offers multiple advantages over existing hazard perception training, such as the ability to engage drivers and its high accessibility.

In conclusion, my findings highlight the need to re-evaluate the common assumption that dual drivers are the 'gold standard' in motorcycle perception and contribute to advancing our understanding of a game-based training intervention aimed at improving drivers' motorcycle perceptual skills.

Item Type: Thesis
Creators: Poon, P.
Date: September 2020
Rights: This work is the intellectual property of the author. You may copy up to 5% of this work for private study, or personal, non-commercial research. Any re-use of the information contained within this document should be fully referenced, quoting the author, title, university, degree level and pagination. Queries or requests for any other use, or if a more substantial copy is required, should be directed to the owner of the Intellectual Property Rights.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 04 Jun 2021 09:36
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2021 09:36

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