Neurophysiological markers of prospective- and working-memory in typical ageing and Mild Cognitive Impairment

Crook-Rumsey, M. ORCID: 0000-0003-3031-3502, Howard, C. ORCID: 0000-0002-8755-1109, Hadjiefthyvoulou, F. and Sumich, A. ORCID: 0000-0003-4333-8442, 2021. Neurophysiological markers of prospective- and working-memory in typical ageing and Mild Cognitive Impairment. Clinical Neurophysiology. ISSN 1388-2457

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Objective: Prospective memory (PM) —the memory of delayed intentions— is impacted by age-related cognitive decline. The current event-related potential study investigates neural mechanisms underpinning typical and atypical (Mild Cognitive Impairment, MCI) age-related decline in PM.

Methods: Young adults (YA, n=30, age=24.7, female n=13), healthy older adults (OA, n=39, age=72.87, female n=24) and older adults with MCI (n=27, age=77.54, female n=12) performed two event-based PM tasks (perceptual, conceptual) superimposed on an ongoing working memory task. Electroencephalographic data was recorded from 128 electrodes. Groups were compared for P2 (higher order perceptual processing), N300/frontal positivity (cue detection), the parietal positivity (retrieval), reorienting negativity (RON; attention shifting).

Results: Participants with MCI had poorer performance (ongoing working memory task, conceptual PM), lower P2 amplitudes, and delayed RON (particularly for perceptual PM) than YA and OA. MCI had lower parietal positivity relative to YA only. YA had earlier latencies for the parietal positivity than MCI and OA, and lower amplitudes for N300 (than OA) and frontal positivity (than OA and MCI).

Conclusions: Impaired attention and working memory may underpin PM deficits in MCI.

Significance: This is the first study to document the role of RON in PM and to investigate neurophysiological mechanisms underpinning PM in MCI.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Clinical Neurophysiology
Creators: Crook-Rumsey, M., Howard, C., Hadjiefthyvoulou, F. and Sumich, A.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: 29 October 2021
ISSN: 1388-2457
S1388245721007690Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 27 Oct 2021 10:51
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2023 12:03

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