Formidable females and the power trajectories of socially integrated male vervet monkeys

Young, C. ORCID: 0000-0001-8919-2093, McFarland, R. ORCID: 0000-0001-8245-9269, Barrett, L. and Henzi, S.P., 2017. Formidable females and the power trajectories of socially integrated male vervet monkeys. Animal Behaviour, 125, pp. 61-67. ISSN 0003-3472

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Sexual conflict theory expects females to avoid nonoptimal mating attempts by males. Although female vervet monkeys, Chlorocebus pygerythrus, can resist direct mating attempts, higher-ranking males still have more mating opportunities than lower-ranking ones. We presume that rank-related access reflects maleemale competition that may conflict with female reproductive objectives. We extend an earlier report of codominance in this species to show that powerful females can undermine the restrictions imposed through maleemale competition by improving the dominance rank of preferred male associates. We found that the dominance hierarchies of the sexes were comprehensively interdigitated and that males who had more female spatial associates, and who groomed with well-connected females, were more likely improve their Elo-ratings, which we use as an index of male power. The effects of partner number and integration, which predicted the probability of the initiation of aggression by lower-ranking males, suggest that association with females offered the prospect of protected threat if this likelihood increased. Although female rank and aggression were not directly consequential for males, we argue that female power and influence are intertwined and that both stem from the strength of female reproductive control.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Animal Behaviour
Creators: Young, C., McFarland, R., Barrett, L. and Henzi, S.P.
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Date: March 2017
Volume: 125
ISSN: 0003-3472
S0003347217300076Publisher Item Identifier
Rights: Copyright: © 2017 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 01 Nov 2021 11:03
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2021 11:03

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