Situation awareness in sports: a scoping review

Huffman, S. ORCID: 0000-0002-9052-8727, Crundall, D. ORCID: 0000-0002-6030-3631, Smith, H. ORCID: 0000-0003-2712-5527 and Mackenzie, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-6818-2838, 2022. Situation awareness in sports: a scoping review. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 59: 102132. ISSN 1469-0292

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Situation Awareness (SA) has been studied in many dynamic environments such as aviation, transportation, and medicine, but has not been extensively applied to sporting environments. Research from other areas suggests that SA is an important aspect of successful performance. The objectives of this scoping review were to identify what types of SA frameworks are used in sports, what methods are used to directly assess SA in sports, and what are the cognitive skills that have been linked to SA in sports. Seven databases were searched for peer-reviewed papers examining SA in a sporting context. The literature search revealed a scarcity of studies that directly describe SA within a sporting context. The most common frameworks described in the sporting literature were the three-level framework and Distributed Situation Awareness. The direct methods of measuring SA in sports varied and included the Situation Awareness Global Assessment Technique (SAGAT), Cognition Self-Assessment Tool (CSAT), and Random Number Cognition Test (RANCT) tools. Lastly, the cognitive skills linked to SA in sports included visual behaviours, anticipation, and decision-making. After evaluating the research, we argue there is potential benefit in applying SA to a sporting context but there are, currently, issues of validity and reliability in how SA is described and assessed in sports. Suggestions are made for how we might advance in this field of research.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Psychology of Sport and Exercise
Creators: Huffman, S., Crundall, D., Smith, H. and Mackenzie, A.
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Date: March 2022
Volume: 59
ISSN: 1469-0292
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 07 Feb 2022 09:11
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2023 03:00

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