Assessment of green practices in residential buildings: a survey-based empirical study of residents in Kazakhstan

Tokbolat, S. ORCID: 0000-0002-9606-5225, Karaca, F., Durdyev, S., Nazipov, F. and Aidyngaliyev, I., 2018. Assessment of green practices in residential buildings: a survey-based empirical study of residents in Kazakhstan. Sustainability, 10 (12): 4383. ISSN 2071-1050

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In the lead-up to the Paris climate change conference, the majority of the UN Member States submitted their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions on carbon emissions reduction to be met by 2030. Kazakhstan is no exception. The government made pledges and, therefore, has to adapt its national policies and regulations to meet the set ambitious goals. In this regard, the role of residential building sector is of the utmost importance due to its significant share in the country’s energy consumption and carbon emissions profile. Thus, this study presents the types of residential buildings available and assesses how far they are from meeting the green building (GB) indicators set in various certification schemes and standards. This would help in suggesting practical steps to improve the sustainability levels of the residential building stock of Kazakhstan. This study collected a robust set of data on existing residential buildings in Astana, chosen as a case study location, classified them and, based on a developed checklist, evaluated their performance compared to GB standards. The study has found that old buildings tend to have a rather poor level of sustainability, whereas the sustainability of new buildings depends on the class of the building—steadily increasing from economy to premium class in all categories of the checklist. A detailed analysis of the results has led to the development of recommendations on how each type of building should be improved to meet the GB standards.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Sustainability
Creators: Tokbolat, S., Karaca, F., Durdyev, S., Nazipov, F. and Aidyngaliyev, I.
Publisher: MDPI
Date: 2018
Volume: 10
Number: 12
ISSN: 2071-1050
Rights: © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Divisions: Schools > School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 07 Feb 2022 15:31
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2022 15:31

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