Divided yet united: balancing convergence and divergence in environmental movement mobilization

Kirk, J. ORCID: 0000-0002-0644-5671, Nyberg, D. and Wright, C., 2021. Divided yet united: balancing convergence and divergence in environmental movement mobilization. Environmental Politics. ISSN 0964-4016

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Environmental movements play an increasingly pivotal role in societal responses to pressing issues, such as climate change. These movements are often multi-scalar, spanning locations, ideological orientations, organisational types, and tactics. We investigate how the UK’s anti-fracking movement manages the tension between the necessary convergence of collective actions and this divergence of scale. Based on a frame analysis of press releases, position papers, websites, blogs and 20 semi-structured interviews, the paper shows how heterogeneous environmental movement actors, with diverse framings of fracking, utilised three convergence processes – funnelling, expanding and familiarising – making connections vertically, horizontally and contextually. These processes created a ‘web’ of resistance that held the environmental movement together while maintaining diversity. Our paper contributes to the environmental movement literature by explaining how movements overcome divergence without establishing homogeneity. This is important in understanding how environmental movements can expand their role within a broader constituency in opposing environmental destruction.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Environmental Politics
Creators: Kirk, J., Nyberg, D. and Wright, C.
Publisher: Routledge
Date: 26 September 2021
ISSN: 0964-4016
Divisions: Schools > Nottingham Business School
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 26 May 2022 16:52
Last Modified: 26 May 2022 16:52
URI: https://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/46375

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