Perceptions of in-home monitoring technology for activities of daily living: semistructured interview study with community-dwelling older adults

Camp, N. ORCID: 0000-0003-0972-9722, Johnston, J. ORCID: 0000-0003-2954-5234, Lewis, M.G.C. ORCID: 0000-0001-5918-3444, Zecca, M., Di Nuovo, A., Hunter, K. ORCID: 0000-0002-0743-9724 and Magistro, D. ORCID: 0000-0002-2554-3701, 2022. Perceptions of in-home monitoring technology for activities of daily living: semistructured interview study with community-dwelling older adults. JMIR Aging, 5 (2): e33714. ISSN 2561-7605

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Background: Many older adults prefer to remain in their own homes for as long as possible. However, there are still questions surrounding how best to ensure that an individual can cope with autonomous living. Technological monitoring systems are an attractive solution; however, there is disagreement regarding activities of daily living (ADL) and the optimal technologies that should be used to monitor them.

Objective: This study aimed to understand older adults’ perceptions of important ADL and the types of technologies they would be willing to use within their own homes.

Methods: Semistructured interviews were conducted on the web with 32 UK adults, divided equally into a younger group (aged 55-69 years) and an older group (≥70 years).

Results: Both groups agreed that ADL related to personal hygiene and feeding were the most important and highlighted the value of socializing. The older group considered several activities to be more important than their younger counterparts, including stair use and foot care. The older group had less existing knowledge of monitoring technology but was more willing to accept wearable sensors than the younger group. The younger group preferred sensors placed within the home but highlighted that they would not have them until they felt that daily life was becoming a struggle.

Conclusions: Overall, technological monitoring systems were perceived as an acceptable method for monitoring ADL. However, developers and carers must be aware that individuals may express differences in their willingness to engage with certain types of technology depending on their age and circumstances.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: JMIR Aging
Creators: Camp, N., Johnston, J., Lewis, M.G.C., Zecca, M., Di Nuovo, A., Hunter, K. and Magistro, D.
Publisher: JMIR Publications Inc.
Date: 5 May 2022
Volume: 5
Number: 2
ISSN: 2561-7605
35511248PubMed ID
Rights: ©Nicola Camp, Julie Johnston, Martin G C Lewis, Massimiliano Zecca, Alessandro Di Nuovo, Kirsty Hunter, Daniele Magistro. Originally published in JMIR Aging (, 05.05.2022. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work, first published in JMIR Aging, is properly cited. The complete bibliographic information, a link to the original publication on, as well as this copyright and license information must be included.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 09 Jun 2022 15:10
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2022 15:10

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