Force field and a surface model database for silica to simulate interfacial properties in atomic resolution

Emami, F.S., Puddu, V. ORCID: 0000-0001-5079-5508, Berry, R.J., Varshney, V., Patwardhan, S.V., Perry, C.C. ORCID: 0000-0003-1517-468X and Heinz, H., 2014. Force field and a surface model database for silica to simulate interfacial properties in atomic resolution. Chemistry of Materials, 26 (8), pp. 2647-2658. ISSN 0897-4756

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Silica nanostructures find applications in drug delivery, catalysis, and composites, however, understanding of the surface chemistry, aqueous interfaces, and biomolecule recognition remain difficult using current imaging techniques and spectroscopy. A silica force field is introduced that resolves numerous shortcomings of prior silica force fields over the last thirty years and reduces uncertainties in computed interfacial properties relative to experiment from several 100% to less than 5%. In addition, a silica surface model database is introduced for the full range of variable surface chemistry and pH (Q2, Q3, Q4 environments with adjustable degree of ionization) that have shown to determine selective molecular recognition. The force field enables accurate computational predictions of aqueous interfacial properties of all types of silica, which is substantiated by extensive comparisons to experimental measurements. The parameters are integrated into multiple force fields for broad applicability to biomolecules, polymers, and inorganic materials (AMBER, CHARMM, COMPASS, CVFF, PCFF, INTERFACE force field). We also explain mechanistic details of molecular adsorption of water vapor, as well as significant variations in the amount and dissociation depth of superficial cations at silica-water interfaces that correlate with zeta-potential measurements and create a wide range of aqueous environments for adsorption and self-assembly of complex molecules. The systematic analysis of binding conformations and adsorption free energies of distinct peptides to silica surfaces is reported separately in a companion paper. The models aid to understand and design silica nanomaterials in 3D atomic resolution, and are extendable to chemical reactions.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Chemistry of Materials
Creators: Emami, F.S., Puddu, V., Berry, R.J., Varshney, V., Patwardhan, S.V., Perry, C.C. and Heinz, H.
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Date: 2014
Volume: 26
Number: 8
ISSN: 0897-4756
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 09:54
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:13

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