Microbial adaptation to different environmental conditions: molecular perspective of evolved genetic and cellular systems

Wani, A.K., Akhtar, N., Sher, F. ORCID: 0000-0003-2890-5912, Navarrete, A.A. and Américo-Pinheiro, J.H.P., 2022. Microbial adaptation to different environmental conditions: molecular perspective of evolved genetic and cellular systems. Archives of Microbiology, 204 (2): 144. ISSN 0302-8933

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Microorganisms are ubiquitous on Earth and can inhabit almost every environment. In a complex heterogeneous environment or in face of ecological disturbance, the microbes adjust to fluctuating environmental conditions through a cascade of cellular and molecular systems. Their habitats differ from cold microcosms of Antarctica to the geothermal volcanic areas, terrestrial to marine, highly alkaline zones to the extremely acidic areas and freshwater to brackish water sources. The diverse ecological microbial niches are attributed to the versatile, adaptable nature under fluctuating temperature, nutrient availability and pH of the microorganisms. These organisms have developed a series of mechanisms to face the environmental changes and thereby keep their role in mediate important ecosystem functions. The underlying mechanisms of adaptable microbial nature are thoroughly investigated at the cellular, genetic and molecular levels. The adaptation is mediated by a spectrum of processes like natural selection, genetic recombination, horizontal gene transfer, DNA damage repair and pleiotropy-like events. This review paper provides the fundamentals insight into the microbial adaptability besides highlighting the molecular network of microbial adaptation under different environmental conditions.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Archives of Microbiology
Creators: Wani, A.K., Akhtar, N., Sher, F., Navarrete, A.A. and Américo-Pinheiro, J.H.P.
Publisher: Springer
Date: February 2022
Volume: 204
Number: 2
ISSN: 0302-8933
Rights: Post-prints are subject to Springer Nature re-use terms.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 28 Jul 2022 09:55
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 03:00
URI: https://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/46762

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