Coupled climate and subarctic Pacific nutrient upwelling over the last 850,000 years

Worne, S. ORCID: 0000-0001-7967-0864, Kender, S., Swann, G.E.A., Leng, M.J. and Ravelo, A.C., 2019. Coupled climate and subarctic Pacific nutrient upwelling over the last 850,000 years. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 522, pp. 87-97. ISSN 0012-821X

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High latitude deep water upwelling has the potential to control global climate over glacial timescales through the biological pump and ocean-atmosphere CO2 exchange. However, there is currently a lack of continuous long nutrient upwelling records with which to assess this mechanism. Here we present geochemical proxy records for nutrient upwelling and glacial North Pacific Intermediate Water (GNPIW) formation in the Bering Sea over the past 850 kyr, which demonstrates that glacial periods were characterised by reduced nutrient upwelling, when global atmospheric CO2 and temperature were also lowered. We suggest that glacial expansion of sea ice in the Bering Sea, and the simultaneous expansion of low nutrient GNPIW, inhibited vertical mixing and nutrient supply across the subarctic Pacific Ocean. Our findings lend support to the suggestion that high latitude sea ice and the resultant intermediate water formation, modulated deep water upwelling and ocean-atmosphere CO2 exchange on glacial-interglacial timescales.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Creators: Worne, S., Kender, S., Swann, G.E.A., Leng, M.J. and Ravelo, A.C.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: 15 September 2019
Volume: 522
ISSN: 0012-821X
S0012821X1930367XPublisher Item Identifier
Rights: © 2019 the authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Divisions: Schools > School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 25 Aug 2022 16:06
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2022 16:06

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