How do local factors shape transformation pathways towards climate-neutral and resilient cities?

Haupt, W., Eckersley, P. ORCID: 0000-0001-9048-8529, Irmisch, J. and Kern, K., 2023. How do local factors shape transformation pathways towards climate-neutral and resilient cities? European Planning Studies, 31 (9), pp. 1903-1925. ISSN 0965-4313

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We examine how local socioeconomic, institutional and political factors shape climate transformation pathways in 23 mid-sized German cities. We group our cities into three types: industrial cities (which may have experienced recent structural change), historic cities (in which a significant proportion of the buildings or landscape is under monu-ment protection), and university cities (in which academic or research institutions play a major role in the local community). Drawing on document analysis and expert inter-views, we find that budgetary constraints, weaker civil societies and lower levels of political support result in unfavourable structural conditions for successful transfor-mations in industrial cities. Historic cities have often only limited options to change their built environments, but many have identified climate change as a major threat to their built heritage and are therefore keen to take action in climate adaptation. Lastly, university cities are further along the transformation pathways than the other city types, largely due to having more favourable economic conditions as well as greater support from civil society, politics, and the local research community.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: European Planning Studies
Creators: Haupt, W., Eckersley, P., Irmisch, J. and Kern, K.
Publisher: Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Date: 2023
Volume: 31
Number: 9
ISSN: 0965-4313
Rights: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Divisions: Schools > Nottingham Business School
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 15 Nov 2022 11:26
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2023 09:25

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