A non-iterative reasoning algorithm for fuzzy cognitive maps based on type 2 fuzzy sets

Al Farsi, A., Petrovic, D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8213-2581 and Doctor, F., 2023. A non-iterative reasoning algorithm for fuzzy cognitive maps based on type 2 fuzzy sets. Information Sciences, 622, pp. 319-336. ISSN 0020-0255

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A Fuzzy Cognitive Map (FCM) is a causal knowledge graph connecting concepts using directional and weighted connections making it an effective approach for reasoning and decision making. However, the modelling and reasoning capabilities of a conventional FCM for real world problems in the presence of uncertain data is limited as it relies on Type 1 Fuzzy Sets (T1FSs). In this work, we extend the capability of FCMs for capturing greater uncertainties in the interrelations of the modelled concepts by introducing a new reasoning algorithm that uses Type 2 Fuzzy Sets based on z slices for the modelling of uncertain weights connecting FCM’s concepts. These Type 2 Fuzzy Sets are generated using interval valued data from surveyed participants and aggregated using the Interval Agreement Approach method. Our algorithm performs late defuzzification of the FCM’s values at the end of the reasoning process, preserving the uncertainty in values for as long as possible. The proposed algorithm is applied to the evaluation of the performance of modules of an undergraduate Mathematical programme. The results obtained show a greater correlation to domain experts’ subjective knowledge on the modules’ performance than both a corresponding FCM with weights modelled using T1FS and a statistical method currently used for evaluating the modules’ performance. Sensitivity analysis conducted demonstrates that the new algorithm effectively preserves the propagation of uncertainty captured from input data.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Information Sciences
Creators: Al Farsi, A., Petrovic, D. and Doctor, F.
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Date: April 2023
Volume: 622
ISSN: 0020-0255
Divisions: Schools > Nottingham Business School
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 16 Dec 2022 09:50
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2023 03:00
URI: https://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/47674

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