Diffusion and upscaling of municipal climate mitigation and adaptation strategies in Germany

Kern, K., Eckersley, P. ORCID: 0000-0001-9048-8529 and Haupt, W., 2023. Diffusion and upscaling of municipal climate mitigation and adaptation strategies in Germany. Regional Environmental Change, 23 (1): 28. ISSN 1436-3798

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Drawing on data for the 104 largest German cities, and deeper analysis of six mid-sized cities (including forerunners, followers and latecomers in climate mitigation and adaptation), we find that the spread of local mitigation and adaptation strategies across Germany can be explained by a combination of horizontal diffusion and vertical upscaling. Specifically, while the spread of climate mitigation initiatives in the 1990s was triggered primarily by transnational municipal networks (horizontal diffusion), the development and revision of climate mitigation strategies and the emergence of climate adaptation strategies during the last decade have been driven mainly by national and subnational funding programmes (vertical upscaling). Notably, forerunner cities are less dependent on external funding than followers and latecomers, because they have more internal capacity to act. By arguing that upscaling of local climate policies from forerunners to followers and latecomers depends on interventions by national and subnational authorities, we stress that the majority of German municipalities require external support in order to develop and implement effective climate strategies.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Regional Environmental Change
Creators: Kern, K., Eckersley, P. and Haupt, W.
Publisher: Springer
Date: March 2023
Volume: 23
Number: 1
ISSN: 1436-3798
Rights: © the author(s) 2023. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Divisions: Schools > Nottingham Business School
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 24 Jan 2023 10:47
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2023 10:47
URI: https://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/48051

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