Computational design for 4D printing of topology optimized multi-material active composites

Athinarayanarao, D., Prod’hon, R., Chamoret, D., Qi, H.J., Bodaghi, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-0707-944X, André, J.-C. and Demoly, F., 2023. Computational design for 4D printing of topology optimized multi-material active composites. npj Computational Materials, 9: 1. ISSN 2057-3960

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Recent efforts on design for four-dimensional (4D) printing have considered the spatial arrangement of smart materials and energy stimuli. The development of multifunctional structures and their desired mechanical/actuation performances require tackling 4D printing from a multi-material design perspective. With the materials distributions there is an opportunity to increase the spectrum of design concepts with computational approaches. The main goal being to achieve the “best” distribution of material properties in a voxelized structure, a computational framework that consists of a finite element analysis-based evolutionary algorithm is presented. It fuses the advantages of optimizing both the materials distribution and material layout within a design space via topology optimization to solve the inverse design problem of finding an optimal design to achieve a target shape change by integrating void voxels. The results demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed method in providing a highly capable tool for the design of 4D-printed active composites.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: npj Computational Materials
Creators: Athinarayanarao, D., Prod’hon, R., Chamoret, D., Qi, H.J., Bodaghi, M., André, J.-C. and Demoly, F.
Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Date: 3 January 2023
Volume: 9
ISSN: 2057-3960
Rights: © the author(s) 2023. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 24 Jan 2023 16:24
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2023 16:24

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