Social physical anxiety and eating disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Alcaraz-Ibáñez, M., Paterna, A. and Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, 2023. Social physical anxiety and eating disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Body Image, 45, pp. 133-141. ISSN 1740-1445

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The present study’s aim was to summarize existing quantitative evidence linking social physique anxiety (SPA) and eating disorders (ED). Eligible studies were searched for up to June 2, 2022 in six databases: MEDLINE, Current Contents Connect, PsycINFO, Web of Science, SciELO, and Dissertations & Theses Global. Studies were considered eligible if they included information derived from self-report instruments that allowed for computing the relationship between SPA and ED. Pooled effect sizes (r) were computed using three-level meta-analytic models. Potential sources of heterogeneity were examined using univariable and multivariable meta-regressions. Influence analyses and a three-parameter selection model (3PSM) were used for the purpose of examining the robustness of the results and publication bias, respectively. Results summarizing 170 effect sizes from 69 studies (N = 41,257) showed two main groups of findings. Firstly, that SPA and ED were very largely related (i.e., r = .51). Secondly, that this relationship was stronger (i) among individuals from Western countries, and (ii) when ED scores concerned the diagnostic feature of bulimia/anorexia nervosa involving body image disturbances. The present study adds to the current understanding of ED by suggesting that SPA is a maladaptive emotion with a potential role in the onset and maintenance of these group of pathologies.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Body Image
Creators: Alcaraz-Ibáñez, M., Paterna, A. and Griffiths, M.D.
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Date: June 2023
Volume: 45
ISSN: 1740-1445
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 06 Mar 2023 11:31
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2023 11:31

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