Evaluation of coronary stents: a review of types, materials, processing techniques, design, and problems

Ahadi, F., Azadi, M., Biglari, M., Bodaghi, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-0707-944X and Khaleghian, A., 2023. Evaluation of coronary stents: a review of types, materials, processing techniques, design, and problems. Heliyon, 9 (2): e13575. ISSN 2405-8440

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In the world, one of the leading causes of death is coronary artery disease (CAD). There are several ways to treat this disease, and stenting is currently the most appropriate way in many cases. Nowadays, the use of stents has rapidly increased, and they have been introduced in various models, with different geometries and materials. To select the most appropriate stent required, it is necessary to have an analysis of the mechanical behavior of various types of stents. The purpose of this article is to provide a complete overview of advanced research in the field of stents and to discuss and conclude important studies on different topics in the field of stents. In this review, we introduce the types of coronary stents, materials, stent processing technique, stent design, classification of stents based on the mechanism of expansion, and problems and complications of stents. In this article, by reviewing the biomechanical studies conducted in this field and collecting and classifying their results, a useful set of information has been presented to continue research in the direction of designing and manufacturing more efficient stents, although the clinical-engineering field still needs to continue research to optimize the design and construction. The optimum design of stents in the future is possible by simulation and using numerical methods and adequate knowledge of stent and artery biomechanics.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Heliyon
Creators: Ahadi, F., Azadi, M., Biglari, M., Bodaghi, M. and Khaleghian, A.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: February 2023
Volume: 9
Number: 2
ISSN: 2405-8440
Rights: © 2023 the authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0).
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 18 Apr 2023 13:02
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2023 13:02
URI: https://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/48769

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