The effect of cognitive task complexity on healthy gait in the walking Corsi test

Camp, N. ORCID: 0000-0003-0972-9722, Vagnetti, R. ORCID: 0000-0001-5192-1756, Bisele, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-3785-0020, Felton, P. ORCID: 0000-0001-9211-0319, Hunter, K. ORCID: 0000-0002-0743-9724 and Magistro, D. ORCID: 0000-0002-2554-3701, 2023. The effect of cognitive task complexity on healthy gait in the walking Corsi test. Brain Sciences, 13 (7): 1019. ISSN 2076-3425

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Dual-task activities are essential within everyday life, requiring visual–spatial memory (VSM) and mobility skills. Navigational memory is an important component of VSM needed to carry out everyday activities, but this is often not included in traditional tests such as the Corsi block tapping test (CBT). The Walking Corsi Test (WalCT) allows both VSM and navigational memory to be tested together, as well as allowing measures of gait to be collected, thus providing a more complete understanding of dual-task function. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of an increasingly complex cognitive task on gait in a healthy adult population, using the WalCT and body-worn inertial measurement unit (IMU) sensors. Participants completed both the CBT and WalCT, where they were asked to replicate increasingly complex sequences until they were no longer able to carry this out correctly. IMU sensors were worn on the shins throughout the WalCT to assess changes in gait as task complexity increased. Results showed that there were significant differences in several gait parameters between completing a relatively simple cognitive task and completing a complex task. The type of memory used also appeared to have an impact on some gait variables. This indicates that even within a healthy population, gait is affected by cognitive task complexity, which may limit function in everyday dual-task activities.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Brain Sciences
Creators: Camp, N., Vagnetti, R., Bisele, M., Felton, P., Hunter, K. and Magistro, D.
Publisher: MDPI AG
Date: 30 June 2023
Volume: 13
Number: 7
ISSN: 2076-3425
Rights: © 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 14 Jul 2023 09:51
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2023 09:51

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