Emotional regulation and body dissatisfaction: the mediating role of anger in young adult women

Momeñe, J., Estévez, A., Herrero, M., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, Olave, L. and Iruarrizaga, I., 2023. Emotional regulation and body dissatisfaction: the mediating role of anger in young adult women. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 14: 1221513. ISSN 1664-0640

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Introduction: Emotion regulation difficulties have an important role in the presence of negative self-image. These problems in the self-regulation of emotion could lead to negative emotional processes (such as anger) that can lead to body dissatisfaction. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine emotion regulation difficulties than can negatively impact self-image and to understand if anger acts as mediator in the relationship between emotion regulation and body dissatisfaction.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out comprising 565 young adult women aged 18–30 years. The participants were administered the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS), the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory 2 (STAXI-2), and the Body Dissatisfaction dimension of the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 (EDI-2). The proposed hypotheses were tested by path analysis in MPlus 8.0.

Results: The results indicated that anger had a positive significant effect on body dissatisfaction as well as the non-acceptance of emotional responses, the lack of emotional awareness, and the lack of emotional clarity. Of all the dimensions of emotional regulation difficulties, impulse control difficulty was the dimension which had a positive significant indirect effect on body dissatisfaction explained by increased anger.

Discussion: The present study suggests the importance of emotion regulation in the prevention of body dissatisfaction. Impulse control difficulty may be the key emotion regulation emotion in explaining the increments of anger that lead to body dissatisfaction. Among young adults, the promotion of positive body image can be promoted by helping this population to self-regulate their anger impulses.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Creators: Momeñe, J., Estévez, A., Herrero, M., Griffiths, M.D., Olave, L. and Iruarrizaga, I.
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Date: 17 July 2023
Volume: 14
ISSN: 1664-0640
Rights: Copyright © 2023 Momeñe, Estévez, Herrero, Griffiths, Olave and Iruarrizaga. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 18 Jul 2023 08:42
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2023 08:42
URI: https://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/49380

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