What moves commodity terms-of-trade? Evidence from 178 countries

Makhlouf, Y. ORCID: 0000-0001-7737-3153, Kellard, N.M. and Vinogradov, D., 2023. What moves commodity terms-of-trade? Evidence from 178 countries. Journal of Commodity Markets, 32: 100359. ISSN 2405-8513

[img] Text
1793326_a2571_Makhlouf.pdf - Post-print
Full-text access embargoed until 11 September 2025.

Download (1MB)


Despite the important impact of commodity terms-of-trade (CTOT) on GDP growth, child mortality rates and public debt, little is known about its determinants. Using data from 178 countries (grouped according to their commodity export-import structure) over the period 1962 to 2020, we examine the short-and long-run effects of global economic activity, OECD and emerging markets growth, the exchange rate of U.S. dollar, stock price volatility and real interest rates on CTOT growth. We demonstrate their typical asymmetric effect on exporters and importers, and show, for example, that the exchange rate of the U.S. dollar also exhibits opposite effects over the short and long run due to inelastic commodity demand. We find that the growth of emerging market economies provides the most universal and consistent effect across all of our subsamples (i.e., energy and non-energy exporters and importers) - this latter point underscores the contemporary global importance of developing countries' growth.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Commodity Markets
Creators: Makhlouf, Y., Kellard, N.M. and Vinogradov, D.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: December 2023
Volume: 32
ISSN: 2405-8513
Divisions: Schools > Nottingham Business School
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 01 Sep 2023 08:35
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2023 11:46
URI: https://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/49631

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View


Views per month over past year


Downloads per month over past year