Video game experience affects performance, cognitive load, and brain activity in laparoscopic surgery training

Keleş, H.O. and Omurtag, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-3773-8506, 2023. Video game experience affects performance, cognitive load, and brain activity in laparoscopic surgery training. Turkish Journal of Surgery, 39 (2), pp. 95-101. ISSN 2564-6850

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Objective: Video games can be a valuable tool for surgery training. Individuals who interact or play video games tend to have a better visuospatial ability when compared to non-gamers. Numerous studies suggest that video game experience is associated with faster acquisition, greater sharpening, and longer retention of laparoscopic skills. Given the neurocognitive complexity of surgery skill, multimodal approaches are required to understand how video game playing enhances laparoscopy skill.

Material and Methods: Twenty-seven students with no laparoscopy experience and varying levels of video game experience performed standard laparoscopic training tasks. Their performance, subjective cognitive loading, and prefrontal cortical activity were recorded and analyzed. As a reference point to use in comparing the two novice groups, we also included data from 13 surgeons with varying levels of laparoscopy experience and no video game experience.

Results: Results indicated that video game experience was correlated with higher performance (R2 = 0.22, p< 0.01) and lower cognitive load (R2 = 0.21, p< 0.001), and the prefrontal cortical activation of students with gaming experience was relatively lower than those without gaming experience. In terms of these variables, gaming experience in novices tended to produce effects similar to those of laparoscopy experience in surgeons.

Conclusion: Our results suggest that along the dimensions of performance, cognitive load, and brain activity, the effects of video gaming experience on novice laparoscopy trainees are similar to those of real-world laparoscopy experience on surgeons. We believe that the neural underpinnings of surgery skill and its links with gaming experience need to be investigated further using wearable functional brain imaging.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Turkish Journal of Surgery
Creators: Keleş, H.O. and Omurtag, A.
Publisher: Turkish Journal of Surgery
Date: 1 June 2023
Volume: 39
Number: 2
ISSN: 2564-6850
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Jeremy Silvester
Date Added: 01 Sep 2023 08:51
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2023 08:51

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