Ensemble machine learning model for automated asteroid detection

Urechiatu, R., Frincu, M. ORCID: 0000-0003-1034-8409, Vaduvescu, O. and Boldea, C., 2023. Ensemble machine learning model for automated asteroid detection. Romanian Astronomical Journal, 33 (1). ISSN 1220-5168

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The potential threat of Near Earth Objects (NEO) requires a constant survey of the night sky to discover potentially dangerous objects and assess their future impact odds. Several ongoing surveys relying on human operators or automated techniques exist. One such example is the EURONEAR blink mini-survey project which over time developed from a pure manual approach to detecting asteroids to semi-automatic methods (NEARBY) using image processing and service-oriented approaches. In this paper, we propose an extension of NEARBY based on an ensemble model comprising three state-of-art machine learning models, some used in similar approaches. The proposed model is designed for a binary classification problem where candidate images may contain an asteroid in their center. Validation on a real-life dataset comprising 11,000 images shows that our ensemble model is capable of recovering about 55% of the asteroids missed by the previous NEARBY automated process while at the same time having a 0.88 recall on the asteroids already detected by NEARBY. Used together with NEARBY our model increased the detection rate from 89% to 95%.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Romanian Astronomical Journal
Creators: Urechiatu, R., Frincu, M., Vaduvescu, O. and Boldea, C.
Publisher: Romanian Academy Publishing House
Date: 1 September 2023
Volume: 33
Number: 1
ISSN: 1220-5168
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 21 Sep 2023 12:48
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2023 12:48
Related URLs:
URI: https://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/49780

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