Domain specificity of error monitoring: an ERP study in young and older adults

Lenzoni, S. ORCID: 0000-0003-3576-1187, Sumich, A.L. ORCID: 0000-0003-4333-8442 and Mograbi, D.C., 2024. Domain specificity of error monitoring: an ERP study in young and older adults. Psychophysiology. ISSN 0048-5772

1907316_Sumich.pdf - Published version

Download (4MB) | Preview


Metacognition refers to the ability to monitor and control one's cognitive processes, which plays an important role in decision-making throughout the lifespan. It is still debated whether metacognitive abilities decline with age. Neuroimaging evidence suggests that metacognition is served by domain-specific mechanisms. These domains may differentially decline with increasing age. The current investigates whether the error-related negativity (ERN) and the error positivity (Pe) which reflect error detection and error awareness, respectively, differ across perceptual and memory domains in young and older adults. In total, 38 young adults and 37 older adults completed a classic Flanker Task (perceptual) and an adapted memory-based version. No difference in ERN amplitude was found between young and older adults and across domains. Perceptual ERN peaked earlier than Memory ERN. Memory ΔERN was larger than Perceptual ΔERN. Pe was smaller in older adults and ΔPe was larger for perceptual than memory flanker. Memory Pe peaked earlier in young as compared to older adults. Multivariate analyses of whole scalp data supported cross-domain differences. During the task, ERN decreased in young but not in older adults. Memory Pe decreased in young adults but increased in older adults while no significant change in perceptual Pe was found. The study's findings suggest that neural correlates of error monitoring differ across cognitive domains. Moreover, it was shown that error awareness declines in old age but its within-task dynamics vary across cognitive domains. Possible mechanisms underlying metacognition impairments in aging are discussed.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Psychophysiology
Creators: Lenzoni, S., Sumich, A.L. and Mograbi, D.C.
Publisher: Wiley
Date: 1 April 2024
ISSN: 0048-5772
Rights: © 2024 The Authors. Psychophysiology published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of Society for Psychophysiological Research. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 26 Jun 2024 13:52
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2024 13:52

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View


Views per month over past year


Downloads per month over past year