Estimating equilibrium real exchange rates in the Franc Zone

Coleman, S., 2008. Estimating equilibrium real exchange rates in the Franc Zone. Journal of African Economies, 17 (4), pp. 600-634. ISSN 0963-8024

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This paper estimates the degree of real exchange rate misalignment in 12 CFA (Communauté Financière Africaine) franc zone countries over the period 1960–99. Allowing for contemporaneous error co-variances, due to observed cross-sectional dependence, we use seemingly unrelated regressions equation estimations to estimate the equilibrium real effective exchange rate and degree of misalignment in each country. We find significant differences across member-states, however, the largest economies—Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire and Senegal—showed some striking similarities. Just prior to the 1994 devaluation, these three economies were much more overvalued compared with the smaller member-states, some of which were either marginally misaligned or virtually in equilibrium. In 1994, only Côte d'Ivoire is exactly in equilibrium as a result of the devaluation. Our analysis of misalignment for the period after 1994 suggests that some challenges lie ahead for the CFA franc zone, if fixed parity is to be maintained.

Item Type: Journal article
Description: This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Journal of African Economies following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version [citation above] is available online at:
Publication Title: Journal of African Economies
Creators: Coleman, S.
Publisher: Oxford University Press on behalf of the Centre for the Study of African Economies
Date: 2008
Volume: 17
Number: 4
ISSN: 0963-8024
Rights: © The author 2008. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Centre for the Study of African Economies. All rights reserved.
Divisions: Schools > Nottingham Business School
Record created by: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 10:07
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2016 09:08

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