Voltage induced spreading and liquid optical devices

Sampara, N., 2013. Voltage induced spreading and liquid optical devices. PhD, Nottingham Trent University.


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An experimental investigation has been carried out into Liquid dielectrophoresis (LDEP), in which dielectric forces are used to actuate bulk liquid spreading and to imprint a deformation pattern at a liquid air surface. Our basic conguration uses a set of co-planar stripe interdigital electrodes to create a non-uniform A.C. electric field that exponentially decays in amplitude and penetrates above the structure into a dielectric liquid droplet. Dielectric forces drive a voltage-induced spreading of the droplet into a low contact angle droplet/film, an effect which will be referred to here as "dielectrowetting". Further application of the A.C. voltage to the electrodes results in a static sinusoidal wrinkle forming at the oil-air interface on the spread film. Three main areas of investigations are reported, the first of which is a study of the statics and dynamics of the voltage induced spreading of a stripe of the material 1,2 propylene glycol. In the limit of thick droplets, a theoretical prediction has been derived that the cosine of the static equilibrium contact angle is proportional to the square of the amplitude of the voltage applied to the inter-digital electrodes. This relationship is analogous to that found for electrowetting-on-dielectric (EWOD). Experimental observations confirm this predicted dielectrowetting behavior for the advancing static contact angle of the voltage induced spreading of a stripe of the material 1,2 propylene glycol.

Item Type: Thesis
Creators: Sampara, N.
Date: 2013
Rights: This work is the intellectual property of the author, and may also be owned by the research sponsor(s) and/or Nottingham Trent University. You may copy up to 5% of this work for private study, or personal, non-commercial research. Any re-use of the information contained within this document should be fully referenced, quoting the author, title, university, degree level and pagination. Queries or requests for any other use, or if a more substantial copy is required, should be directed in the first instance to the author.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 09:33
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2015 09:33
URI: https://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/83

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