Eye movements and hazard perception in active and passive driving

Mackenzie, A.K. ORCID: 0000-0002-6818-2838 and Harris, J.M., 2015. Eye movements and hazard perception in active and passive driving. Visual Cognition, 23 (6), pp. 736-757. ISSN 1350-6285

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Abstract

Differences in eye movement patterns are often found when comparing passive viewing paradigms to actively engaging in everyday tasks. Arguably, investigations into visuomotor control should therefore be most useful when conducted in settings that incorporate the intrinsic link between vision and action. We present a study that compares oculomotor behaviour and hazard reaction times across a simulated driving task and a comparable, but passive, video-based hazard perception task. We found that participants scanned the road less during the active driving task and fixated closer to the front of the vehicle. Participants were also slower to detect the hazards in the driving task. Our results suggest that the interactivity of simulated driving places increased demand upon the visual and attention systems than simply viewing driving movies. We offer insights into why these differences occur and explore the possible implications of such findings within the wider context of driver training and assessment.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Visual Cognition
Creators: Mackenzie, A.K. and Harris, J.M.
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Date: 2015
Volume: 23
Number: 6
ISSN: 1350-6285
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1080/13506285.2015.1079583DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 09 Mar 2018 15:40
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2018 15:40
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/32900

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