Comparison of limb kinematics between collected and lengthened (medium/extended) trot in two groups of dressage horses on two different surfaces

Walker, V.A., Tranquille, C.A., Newton, J.R., Dyson, S.J., Brandham, J., Northrop, A.J. ORCID: 0000-0002-4339-1211 and Murray, R.C., 2017. Comparison of limb kinematics between collected and lengthened (medium/extended) trot in two groups of dressage horses on two different surfaces. Equine Veterinary Journal, 49 (5), pp. 673-680. ISSN 0425-1644

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Abstract

Background: Dressage horses are often asked to work in lengthened paces during training and competition, but to date there is limited information about the biomechanics of dressage-specific paces. Preliminary work has shown increased fetlock extension in extended compared with collected paces, but further investigation of the kinematic differences between collected, medium and extended trot in dressage horses is warranted.

Objectives: Investigation of the effect of collected versus medium/extended trot on limb kinematics of dressage horses.

Study design: Prospective kinematic evaluation.

Methods: Twenty clinically sound horses in active dressage training were used: Group 1) ten young horses (≤ 6 years) were assessed at collected and medium trot; Group 2) ten mature horses (≥9 years) were assessed at collected and extended trot. All horses were evaluated on two different surfaces. High-speed motion-capture (240Hz) was used to determine kinematic variables. Forelimb and hindlimb angles were measured at midstance. Descriptive statistics and mixed-effect multilevel-regression analyses were performed.

Results: Speed and stride length were reduced and stride duration increased at collected compared with medium/extended trot. Lengthened trot (medium/extended trot) was associated with increased fetlock extension in both the forelimbs and hindlimbs in both groups of horses. Changes were greater in Group 2 compared with Group 1. Shoulder and carpus angles were associated with forelimb fetlock angle. Hock angle was not significantly influenced by pace. Surface had no effect on fetlock or hock angles.

Main limitations: Only 2D motion analysis was carried out. Results may have been different in horses with more extreme gait characteristics.

Conclusions: Medium/extended trot increases extension of the forelimb and the hindlimb fetlock joints compared with collected trot in both young and mature dressage horses, respectively.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Equine Veterinary Journal
Creators: Walker, V.A., Tranquille, C.A., Newton, J.R., Dyson, S.J., Brandham, J., Northrop, A.J. and Murray, R.C.
Publisher: John Wiley
Date: 13 August 2017
Volume: 49
Number: 5
ISSN: 0425-1644
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1111/evj.12661DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 24 Jul 2018 10:20
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2018 10:22
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/34151

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