Rare coding variants in PLCG2, ABI3, and TREM2 implicate microglial-mediated innate immunity in Alzheimer's disease

Sims, R., van der Lee, S.J., Naj, A.C., Bellenguez, C., Badarinarayan, N., Jakobsdottir, J., Kunkle, B.W., Boland, A., Raybould, R., Bis, J.C., Martin, E.R., Grenier-Boley, B., Heilmann-Heimbach, S., Chouraki, V., Kuzma, A.B., Sleegers, K., Vronskaya, M., Ruiz, A., Graham, R.R., Olaso, R., Hoffmann, P., Grove, M.L., Vardarajan, B.N., Hiltunen, M., Nöthen, M.M., White, C.C., Hamilton-Nelson, K.L., Epelbaum, J., Maier, W., Choi, S.H., Beecham, G.W., Dulary, C., Herms, S., Smith, A.V., Funk, C.C., Derbois, C., Forstner, A.J., Ahmad, S., Li, H., Bacq, D., Harold, D., Satizabal, C.L., Valladares, O., Squassina, A., Thomas, R., Brody, J.A., Qu, L., Sánchez-Juan, P., Morgan, T., Wolters, F.J., Zhao, Y., Garcia, F.S., Denning, N., Fornage, M., Malamon, J., Naranjo, M.C.D., Majounie, E., Mosley, T.H., Dombroski, B., Wallon, D., Lupton, M.K., Dupuis, J., Whitehead, P., Fratiglioni, L., Medway, C., Jian, X., Mukherjee, S., Keller, L., Brown, K., Lin, H., Cantwell, L.B., Panza, F., McGuinness, B., Moreno-Grau, S., Burgess, J.D., Solfrizzi, V., Proitsi, P., Adams, H.H., Allen, M., Seripa, D., Pastor, P., Cupples, L.A., Price, N.D., Hannequin, D., Frank-García, A., Levy, D., Chakrabarty, P., Caffarra, P., Giegling, I., Beiser, A.S., Giedraitis, V., Hampel, H., Garcia, M.E., Wang, X., Lannfelt, L., Mecocci, P., Eiriksdottir, G., Crane, P.K., Pasquier, F., Boccardi, V., Henández, I., Barber, R.C., Scherer, M., Tarraga, L., Adams, P.M., Leber, M., Chen, Y., Albert, M.S., Riedel-Heller, S., Emilsson, V., Beekly, D., Braae, A., Schmidt, R., Blacker, D., Masullo, C., Schmidt, H., Doody, R.S., Spalletta, G., Jr, W.T.L., Fairchild, T.J., Bossù, P., Lopez, O.L., Frosch, M.P., Sacchinelli, E., Ghetti, B., Yang, Q., Huebinger, R.M., Jessen, F., Li, S., Kamboh, M.I., Morris, J., Sotolongo-Grau, O., Katz, M.J., Corcoran, C., Dunstan, M., Braddel, A., Thomas, C., Meggy, A., Marshall, R., Gerrish, A., Chapman, J., Aguilar, M., Taylor, S., Hill, M., Fairén, M.D., Hodges, A., Vellas, B., Soininen, H., Kloszewska, I., Daniilidou, M., Uphill, J., Patel, Y., Hughes, J.T., Lord, J., Turton, J., Hartmann, A.M., Cecchetti, R., Fenoglio, C., Serpente, M., Arcaro, M., Caltagirone, C., Orfei, M.D., Ciaramella, A., Pichler, S., Mayhaus, M., Gu, W., Lleó, A., Fortea, J., Blesa, R., Barber, I.S., Brookes, K. ORCID: 0000-0003-2427-2513, Cupidi, C., Maletta, R.G., Carrell, D., Sorbi, S., Moebus, S., Urbano, M., Pilotto, A., Kornhuber, J., Bosco, P., Todd, S., Craig, D., Johnston, J., Gill, M., Lawlor, B., Lynch, A., Fox, N.C., Hardy, J., Albin, R.L., Apostolova, L.G., Arnold, S.E., Asthana, S., Atwood, C.S., Baldwin, C.T., Barnes, L.L., Barral, S., Beach, T.G., Becker, J.T., Bigio, E.H., Bird, T.D., Boeve, B.F., Bowen, J.D., Boxer, A., Burke, J.R., Burns, J.M., Buxbaum, J.D., Cairns, N.J., Cao, C., Carlson, C.S., Carlsson, C.M., Carney, R.M., Carrasquillo, M.M., Carroll, S.L., Diaz, C.C., Chui, H.C., Clark, D.G., Cribbs, D.H., Crocco, E.A., DeCarli, C., Dick, M., Duara, R., Evans, D.A., Faber, K.M., Fallon, K.B., Fardo, D.W., Farlow, M.R., Ferris, S., Foroud, T.M., Galasko, D.R., Gearing, M., Geschwind, D.H., Gilbert, J.R., Graff-Radford, N.R., Green, R.C., Growdon, J.H., Hamilton, R.L., Harrell, L.E., Honig, L.S., Huentelman, M.J., Hulette, C.M., Hyman, B.T., Jarvik, G.P., Abner, E., Jin, L.W., Jun, G., Karydas, A., Kaye, J.A., Kim, R., Kowall, N.W., Kramer, J.H., LaFerla, F.M., Lah, J.J., Leverenz, J.B., Levey, A.I., Li, G., Lieberman, A.P., Lunetta, K.L., Lyketsos, C.G., Marson, D.C., Martiniuk, F., Mash, D.C., Masliah, E., McCormick, W.C., McCurry, S.M., McDavid, A.N., McKee, A.C., Mesulam, M., Miller, B.L., Miller, C.A., Miller, J.W., Morris, J.C., Murrell, J.R., Myers, A.J., O'Bryant, S., Olichney, J.M., Pankratz, V.S., Parisi, J.E., Paulson, H.L., Perry, W., Peskind, E., Pierce, A., Poon, W.W., Potter, H., Quinn, J.F., Raj, A., Raskind, M., Reisberg, B., Reitz, C., Ringman, J.M., Roberson, E.D., Rogaeva, E., Rosen, H.J., Rosenberg, R.N., Sager, M.A., Saykin, A.J., Schneider, J.A., Schneider, L.S., Seeley, W.W., Smith, A.G., Sonnen, J.A., Spina, S., Stern, R.A., Swerdlow, R.H., Tanzi, R.E., Thornton-Wells, T.A., Trojanowski, J.Q., Troncoso, J.C., Van Deerlin, V.M., Van Eldik, L.J., Vinters, H.V., Vonsattel, J.P., Weintraub, S., Welsh-Bohmer, K.A., Wilhelmsen, K.C., Williamson, J., Wingo, T.S., Woltjer, R.L., Wright, C.B., Yu, C.E., Yu, L., Garzia, F., Golamaully, F., Septier, G., Engelborghs, S., Vandenberghe, R., De Deyn, P.P., Fernadez, C.M., Benito, Y.A., Thonberg, H., Forsell, C., Lilius, L., Kinhult-Stählbom, A., Kilander, L., Brundin, R.M., Concari, L., Helisalmi, S., Koivisto, A.M., Haapasalo, A., Dermecourt, V., Fievet, N., Hanon, O., Dufouil, C., Brice, A., Ritchie, K., Dubois, B., Himali, J.J., Keene, C.D., Tschanz, J.A., Fitzpatrick, A.L., Kukull, W.A., Norton, M., Aspelund, T., Larson, E.B., Munger, R., Rotter, J.I., Lipton, R.B., Bullido, M.J., Hofman, A., Montine, T.J., Coto, E., Boerwinkle, E., Petersen, R.C., Alvarez, V., Rivadeneira, F., Reiman, E.M., Gallo, M., O'Donnell, C.J., Reisch, J.S., Bruni, A.C., Royall, D.R., Dichgans, M., Sano, M., Galimberti, D., St George-Hyslop, P., Scarpini, E., Tsuang, D.W., Mancuso, M., Bonuccelli, U., Winslow, A.R., Daniele, A., Wu, C.K., Peters, O., Nacmias, B., Riemenschneider, M., Heun, R., Brayne, C., Rubinsztein, D.C., Bras, J., Guerreiro, R., Al-Chalabi, A., Shaw, C.E., Collinge, J., Mann, D., Tsolaki, M., Clarimón, J., Sussams, R., Lovestone, S., O'Donovan, M.C., Owen, M.J., Behrens, T.W., Mead, S., Goate, A.M., Uitterlinden, A.G., Holmes, C., Cruchaga, C., Ingelsson, M., Bennett, D.A., Powell, J., Golde, T.E., Graff, C., De Jager, P.L., Morgan, K., Ertekin-Taner, N., Combarros, O., Psaty, B.M., Passmore, P., Younkin, S.G., Berr, C., Gudnason, V., Rujescu, D., Dickson, D.W., Dartigues, J.F., DeStefano, A.L., Ortega-Cubero, S., Hakonarson, H., Campion, D., Boada, M., Kauwe, J.K., Farrer, L.A., Van Broeckhoven, C., Ikram, M.A., Jones, L., Haines, J.L., Tzourio, C., Launer, L.J., Escott-Price, V., Mayeux, R., Deleuze, J.F., Amin, N., Holmans, P.A., Pericak-Vance, M.A., Amouyel, P., van Duijn, C.M., Ramirez, A., Wang, L.S., Lambert, J.C., Seshadri, S., Williams, J. and Schellenberg, G.D., 2017. Rare coding variants in PLCG2, ABI3, and TREM2 implicate microglial-mediated innate immunity in Alzheimer's disease. Nature Genetics, 49 (9), pp. 1373-1384. ISSN 1061-4036

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Abstract

We identified rare coding variants associated with Alzheimer's disease in a three-stage case–control study of 85,133 subjects. In stage 1, we genotyped 34,174 samples using a whole-exome microarray. In stage 2, we tested associated variants (P < 1 × 10−4) in 35,962 independent samples using de novo genotyping and imputed genotypes. In stage 3, we used an additional 14,997 samples to test the most significant stage 2 associations (P < 5 × 10−8) using imputed genotypes. We observed three new genome-wide significant nonsynonymous variants associated with Alzheimer's disease: a protective variant in PLCG2 (rs72824905: p.Pro522Arg, P = 5.38 × 10−10, odds ratio (OR) = 0.68, minor allele frequency (MAF)cases = 0.0059, MAFcontrols = 0.0093), a risk variant in ABI3 (rs616338: p.Ser209Phe, P = 4.56 × 10−10, OR = 1.43, MAFcases = 0.011, MAFcontrols = 0.008), and a new genome-wide significant variant in TREM2 (rs143332484: p.Arg62His, P = 1.55 × 10−14, OR = 1.67, MAFcases = 0.0143, MAFcontrols = 0.0089), a known susceptibility gene for Alzheimer's disease. These protein-altering changes are in genes highly expressed in microglia and highlight an immune-related protein–protein interaction network enriched for previously identified risk genes in Alzheimer's disease. These genetic findings provide additional evidence that the microglia-mediated innate immune response contributes directly to the development of Alzheimer's disease.

Item Type: Journal article
Alternative Title: Rare coding variation in PLCG2, ABI3 and TREM2 associate with Alzheimer's disease [running title]
Publication Title: Nature Genetics
Creators: Sims, R., van der Lee, S.J., Naj, A.C., Bellenguez, C., Badarinarayan, N., Jakobsdottir, J., Kunkle, B.W., Boland, A., Raybould, R., Bis, J.C., Martin, E.R., Grenier-Boley, B., Heilmann-Heimbach, S., Chouraki, V., Kuzma, A.B., Sleegers, K., Vronskaya, M., Ruiz, A., Graham, R.R., Olaso, R., Hoffmann, P., Grove, M.L., Vardarajan, B.N., Hiltunen, M., Nöthen, M.M., White, C.C., Hamilton-Nelson, K.L., Epelbaum, J., Maier, W., Choi, S.H., Beecham, G.W., Dulary, C., Herms, S., Smith, A.V., Funk, C.C., Derbois, C., Forstner, A.J., Ahmad, S., Li, H., Bacq, D., Harold, D., Satizabal, C.L., Valladares, O., Squassina, A., Thomas, R., Brody, J.A., Qu, L., Sánchez-Juan, P., Morgan, T., Wolters, F.J., Zhao, Y., Garcia, F.S., Denning, N., Fornage, M., Malamon, J., Naranjo, M.C.D., Majounie, E., Mosley, T.H., Dombroski, B., Wallon, D., Lupton, M.K., Dupuis, J., Whitehead, P., Fratiglioni, L., Medway, C., Jian, X., Mukherjee, S., Keller, L., Brown, K., Lin, H., Cantwell, L.B., Panza, F., McGuinness, B., Moreno-Grau, S., Burgess, J.D., Solfrizzi, V., Proitsi, P., Adams, H.H., Allen, M., Seripa, D., Pastor, P., Cupples, L.A., Price, N.D., Hannequin, D., Frank-García, A., Levy, D., Chakrabarty, P., Caffarra, P., Giegling, I., Beiser, A.S., Giedraitis, V., Hampel, H., Garcia, M.E., Wang, X., Lannfelt, L., Mecocci, P., Eiriksdottir, G., Crane, P.K., Pasquier, F., Boccardi, V., Henández, I., Barber, R.C., Scherer, M., Tarraga, L., Adams, P.M., Leber, M., Chen, Y., Albert, M.S., Riedel-Heller, S., Emilsson, V., Beekly, D., Braae, A., Schmidt, R., Blacker, D., Masullo, C., Schmidt, H., Doody, R.S., Spalletta, G., Jr, W.T.L., Fairchild, T.J., Bossù, P., Lopez, O.L., Frosch, M.P., Sacchinelli, E., Ghetti, B., Yang, Q., Huebinger, R.M., Jessen, F., Li, S., Kamboh, M.I., Morris, J., Sotolongo-Grau, O., Katz, M.J., Corcoran, C., Dunstan, M., Braddel, A., Thomas, C., Meggy, A., Marshall, R., Gerrish, A., Chapman, J., Aguilar, M., Taylor, S., Hill, M., Fairén, M.D., Hodges, A., Vellas, B., Soininen, H., Kloszewska, I., Daniilidou, M., Uphill, J., Patel, Y., Hughes, J.T., Lord, J., Turton, J., Hartmann, A.M., Cecchetti, R., Fenoglio, C., Serpente, M., Arcaro, M., Caltagirone, C., Orfei, M.D., Ciaramella, A., Pichler, S., Mayhaus, M., Gu, W., Lleó, A., Fortea, J., Blesa, R., Barber, I.S., Brookes, K., Cupidi, C., Maletta, R.G., Carrell, D., Sorbi, S., Moebus, S., Urbano, M., Pilotto, A., Kornhuber, J., Bosco, P., Todd, S., Craig, D., Johnston, J., Gill, M., Lawlor, B., Lynch, A., Fox, N.C., Hardy, J., Albin, R.L., Apostolova, L.G., Arnold, S.E., Asthana, S., Atwood, C.S., Baldwin, C.T., Barnes, L.L., Barral, S., Beach, T.G., Becker, J.T., Bigio, E.H., Bird, T.D., Boeve, B.F., Bowen, J.D., Boxer, A., Burke, J.R., Burns, J.M., Buxbaum, J.D., Cairns, N.J., Cao, C., Carlson, C.S., Carlsson, C.M., Carney, R.M., Carrasquillo, M.M., Carroll, S.L., Diaz, C.C., Chui, H.C., Clark, D.G., Cribbs, D.H., Crocco, E.A., DeCarli, C., Dick, M., Duara, R., Evans, D.A., Faber, K.M., Fallon, K.B., Fardo, D.W., Farlow, M.R., Ferris, S., Foroud, T.M., Galasko, D.R., Gearing, M., Geschwind, D.H., Gilbert, J.R., Graff-Radford, N.R., Green, R.C., Growdon, J.H., Hamilton, R.L., Harrell, L.E., Honig, L.S., Huentelman, M.J., Hulette, C.M., Hyman, B.T., Jarvik, G.P., Abner, E., Jin, L.W., Jun, G., Karydas, A., Kaye, J.A., Kim, R., Kowall, N.W., Kramer, J.H., LaFerla, F.M., Lah, J.J., Leverenz, J.B., Levey, A.I., Li, G., Lieberman, A.P., Lunetta, K.L., Lyketsos, C.G., Marson, D.C., Martiniuk, F., Mash, D.C., Masliah, E., McCormick, W.C., McCurry, S.M., McDavid, A.N., McKee, A.C., Mesulam, M., Miller, B.L., Miller, C.A., Miller, J.W., Morris, J.C., Murrell, J.R., Myers, A.J., O'Bryant, S., Olichney, J.M., Pankratz, V.S., Parisi, J.E., Paulson, H.L., Perry, W., Peskind, E., Pierce, A., Poon, W.W., Potter, H., Quinn, J.F., Raj, A., Raskind, M., Reisberg, B., Reitz, C., Ringman, J.M., Roberson, E.D., Rogaeva, E., Rosen, H.J., Rosenberg, R.N., Sager, M.A., Saykin, A.J., Schneider, J.A., Schneider, L.S., Seeley, W.W., Smith, A.G., Sonnen, J.A., Spina, S., Stern, R.A., Swerdlow, R.H., Tanzi, R.E., Thornton-Wells, T.A., Trojanowski, J.Q., Troncoso, J.C., Van Deerlin, V.M., Van Eldik, L.J., Vinters, H.V., Vonsattel, J.P., Weintraub, S., Welsh-Bohmer, K.A., Wilhelmsen, K.C., Williamson, J., Wingo, T.S., Woltjer, R.L., Wright, C.B., Yu, C.E., Yu, L., Garzia, F., Golamaully, F., Septier, G., Engelborghs, S., Vandenberghe, R., De Deyn, P.P., Fernadez, C.M., Benito, Y.A., Thonberg, H., Forsell, C., Lilius, L., Kinhult-Stählbom, A., Kilander, L., Brundin, R.M., Concari, L., Helisalmi, S., Koivisto, A.M., Haapasalo, A., Dermecourt, V., Fievet, N., Hanon, O., Dufouil, C., Brice, A., Ritchie, K., Dubois, B., Himali, J.J., Keene, C.D., Tschanz, J.A., Fitzpatrick, A.L., Kukull, W.A., Norton, M., Aspelund, T., Larson, E.B., Munger, R., Rotter, J.I., Lipton, R.B., Bullido, M.J., Hofman, A., Montine, T.J., Coto, E., Boerwinkle, E., Petersen, R.C., Alvarez, V., Rivadeneira, F., Reiman, E.M., Gallo, M., O'Donnell, C.J., Reisch, J.S., Bruni, A.C., Royall, D.R., Dichgans, M., Sano, M., Galimberti, D., St George-Hyslop, P., Scarpini, E., Tsuang, D.W., Mancuso, M., Bonuccelli, U., Winslow, A.R., Daniele, A., Wu, C.K., Peters, O., Nacmias, B., Riemenschneider, M., Heun, R., Brayne, C., Rubinsztein, D.C., Bras, J., Guerreiro, R., Al-Chalabi, A., Shaw, C.E., Collinge, J., Mann, D., Tsolaki, M., Clarimón, J., Sussams, R., Lovestone, S., O'Donovan, M.C., Owen, M.J., Behrens, T.W., Mead, S., Goate, A.M., Uitterlinden, A.G., Holmes, C., Cruchaga, C., Ingelsson, M., Bennett, D.A., Powell, J., Golde, T.E., Graff, C., De Jager, P.L., Morgan, K., Ertekin-Taner, N., Combarros, O., Psaty, B.M., Passmore, P., Younkin, S.G., Berr, C., Gudnason, V., Rujescu, D., Dickson, D.W., Dartigues, J.F., DeStefano, A.L., Ortega-Cubero, S., Hakonarson, H., Campion, D., Boada, M., Kauwe, J.K., Farrer, L.A., Van Broeckhoven, C., Ikram, M.A., Jones, L., Haines, J.L., Tzourio, C., Launer, L.J., Escott-Price, V., Mayeux, R., Deleuze, J.F., Amin, N., Holmans, P.A., Pericak-Vance, M.A., Amouyel, P., van Duijn, C.M., Ramirez, A., Wang, L.S., Lambert, J.C., Seshadri, S., Williams, J. and Schellenberg, G.D.
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Date: 2017
Volume: 49
Number: 9
ISSN: 1061-4036
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1038/ng.3916DOI
BFng3916Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 13 May 2019 11:43
Last Modified: 14 May 2019 07:47
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/36470

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