Effects of body size on estimation of mammalian area requirements

Noonan, M.J., Fleming, C.H., Tucker, M.A., Kays, R., Harrison, A.-L., Crofoot, M.C., Abrahms, B., Alberts, S.C., Ali, A.H., Altmann, J., Castro Antunes, P., Attias, N., Belant, J.L., Beyer, D.E., Bidner, L.R., Blaum, N., Boone, R.B., Caillaud, D., Cunha de Paula, R., De la Torre, J.A., Dekker, J., De Perno, C.S., Farhadinia, M., Fennessy, J., Fichtel, C., Fischer, C., Ford, A., Goheen, J.R., Havmøller, R.W., Hirsch, B.T., Hurtado, C., Isbell, L.A., Janssen, R., Jeltsch, F., Kaczensky, P., Kaneko, Y., Kappeler, P., Katna, A., Kauffman, M., Koch, F., Kulkarni, A., LaPoint, S., Leimgruber, P., Macdonald, D.W., Catherine Markham, A., McMahon, L., Mertes, K., Moorman, C.E., Morato, R.G., Moßbrucker, A.M., Mourão, G., O’Connor, D., Oliveira-Santos, L.G.R., Pastorini, J., Patterson, B.D., Rachlow, J., Ranglack, D.H., Reid, N., Scantlebury, D.M., Scott, D.M., Selva, N., Sergiel, A., Songer, M., Songsasen, N., Stabach, J.A., Stacy-Dawes, J., Swingen, M.B., Thompson, J.J., Ullmann, W., Tamim Vanak, A., Thaker, M., Wilson, J.W., Yamazaki, K., Yarnell, R.W. ORCID: 0000-0001-6584-7374, Zieba, F., ZwijaczKozica, T., Fagan, W.F., Mueller, T. and Calabrese, J.M., 2020. Effects of body size on estimation of mammalian area requirements. Conservation Biology. ISSN 0888-8892

[img] Text
1292179_Yarnell.pdf - Post-print
Full-text access embargoed until 3 May 2021.

Download (204kB)
[img] Text (Supplemental Material)
1292179_Yarnell_Supp1.pdf - Post-print
Full-text access embargoed until 3 May 2021.

Download (129kB)
[img] Text (Supplemental Material)
1292179_Yarnell_Supp2.pdf - Post-print
Full-text access embargoed until 3 May 2021.

Download (117kB)
[img] Text (Supplemental Material)
1292179_Yarnell_Supp3.pdf - Post-print
Full-text access embargoed until 3 May 2021.

Download (2MB)
[img] Text (Supplemental Material)
1292179_Yarnell_Supp4.pdf - Post-print
Full-text access embargoed until 3 May 2021.

Download (485kB)
[img] Text (Supplemental Material)
1292179_Yarnell_Supp5.pdf - Post-print
Full-text access embargoed until 3 May 2021.

Download (134kB)
[img] Text (Supplemental Material)
1292179_Yarnell_Supp6.pdf - Post-print
Full-text access embargoed until 3 May 2021.

Download (864kB)
[img] Text (Supplemental Material)
1292179_Yarnell_Supp7.pdf - Post-print
Full-text access embargoed until 3 May 2021.

Download (14kB)

Abstract

Accurately quantifying species’ area requirements is a prerequisite for effective area‐based conservation. This typically involves collecting tracking data on species of interest and then conducting home‐range analyses. Problematically, autocorrelation in tracking data can result in space needs being severely underestimated. Based on previous work, we hypothesized the magnitude of underestimation varies with body mass, a relationship that could have serious conservation implications. To evaluate this hypothesis for terrestrial mammals, we estimated home‐range areas with GPS locations from 757 individuals across 61 globally distributed mammalian species with body masses ranging from 0.4 to 4,000 kg. We then applied block cross‐validation to quantify bias in empirical home‐range estimates. Area requirements of mammals <10 kg were underestimated by a mean ∼15%, and species weighing ∼100 kg were underestimated by ∼50% on average. Thus, we found area estimation was subject to autocorrelation‐induced bias that was worse for large species. Combined with the fact that extinction risk increases as body mass increases, the allometric scaling of bias we observed suggests the most threatened species are also likely to be those with the least accurate home‐range estimates. As a correction, we tested whether data thinning or autocorrelation‐informed home‐range estimation minimized the scaling effect of autocorrelation on area estimates. Data thinning required ∼93% data loss to achieve statistical independence with 95% confidence and was therefore not a viable solution. In contrast, autocorrelation‐informed home‐range estimation resulted in consistently accurate estimates irrespective of mass. When relating body mass to home range size, we detected that correcting for autocorrelation resulted in a scaling exponent significantly >1, meaning the scaling of the relationship changed substantially at the upper end of the mass spectrum.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Conservation Biology
Creators: Noonan, M.J., Fleming, C.H., Tucker, M.A., Kays, R., Harrison, A.-L., Crofoot, M.C., Abrahms, B., Alberts, S.C., Ali, A.H., Altmann, J., Castro Antunes, P., Attias, N., Belant, J.L., Beyer, D.E., Bidner, L.R., Blaum, N., Boone, R.B., Caillaud, D., Cunha de Paula, R., De la Torre, J.A., Dekker, J., De Perno, C.S., Farhadinia, M., Fennessy, J., Fichtel, C., Fischer, C., Ford, A., Goheen, J.R., Havmøller, R.W., Hirsch, B.T., Hurtado, C., Isbell, L.A., Janssen, R., Jeltsch, F., Kaczensky, P., Kaneko, Y., Kappeler, P., Katna, A., Kauffman, M., Koch, F., Kulkarni, A., LaPoint, S., Leimgruber, P., Macdonald, D.W., Catherine Markham, A., McMahon, L., Mertes, K., Moorman, C.E., Morato, R.G., Moßbrucker, A.M., Mourão, G., O’Connor, D., Oliveira-Santos, L.G.R., Pastorini, J., Patterson, B.D., Rachlow, J., Ranglack, D.H., Reid, N., Scantlebury, D.M., Scott, D.M., Selva, N., Sergiel, A., Songer, M., Songsasen, N., Stabach, J.A., Stacy-Dawes, J., Swingen, M.B., Thompson, J.J., Ullmann, W., Tamim Vanak, A., Thaker, M., Wilson, J.W., Yamazaki, K., Yarnell, R.W., Zieba, F., ZwijaczKozica, T., Fagan, W.F., Mueller, T. and Calabrese, J.M.
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Date: 3 May 2020
ISSN: 0888-8892
Identifiers:
NumberType
1292179Other
10.1111/cobi.13495DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 14 Feb 2020 15:01
Last Modified: 11 May 2020 08:25
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/39209

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View

Views

Views per month over past year

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year