Optimising intermittent fasting: evaluating the behavioural and metabolic effects of extended morning and evening fasting

Clayton, D.J. ORCID: 0000-0001-5481-0891, Mode, W.J.A. and Slater, T., 2020. Optimising intermittent fasting: evaluating the behavioural and metabolic effects of extended morning and evening fasting. Nutrition Bulletin. ISSN 1471-9827

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Abstract

This article describes the aims of a new study funded by the British Nutrition Foundation Drummond Pump Priming Award. This study will explore the independent metabolic, endocrinal and behavioural effects of extended morning and evening fasting. In an obesogenic society, there is an urgent need to identify effective strategies for preventing obesity‐related diseases, such as type 2 diabetes. Implementing extended periods of fasting and restricted time permitted for food intake may be an efficacious method for weight management and improving metabolic health. However, recent research suggests that the success of this intervention may be influenced by when the fasting window occurs, with evening fasting appearing to elicit superior metabolic benefits compared to morning fasting. The mechanisms driving these time‐dependent outcomes are not yet clear but may be due to circadian variations in metabolic physiology and in behaviours known to influence energy balance. To date, no study has directly compared the acute metabolic and behavioural responses to morning and evening fasting with those of a control trial. Research on evening fasting is also currently restricted to individuals living with overweight or obesity, emphasising a need for research in lean individuals aiming to maintain a healthy bodyweight and improve metabolic health. This article highlights the need for alternative nutritional interventions to improve public health, before reviewing the existing literature linking extended fasting, circadian rhythms and behavioural and metabolic outcomes. The final part of this article outlines the aims, methodology and intended outcomes of the current research project.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Nutrition Bulletin
Creators: Clayton, D.J., Mode, W.J.A. and Slater, T.
Publisher: Wiley
Date: 28 October 2020
ISSN: 1471-9827
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1111/nbu.12467DOI
1381475Other
Rights: © 2020 The Authors. Nutrition Bulletin published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Nutrition Foundation. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 29 Oct 2020 09:23
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2020 09:24
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/41430

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