Associations of device-measured physical activity, sedentary behavior, and executive function in preadolescents: a latent profile approach

Zhu, Y., Sun, F., Chow, G.C.C., Tao, S., Cooper, S.B. ORCID: 0000-0001-5219-5020, Zhang, B. and Wong, T.W.L., 2022. Associations of device-measured physical activity, sedentary behavior, and executive function in preadolescents: a latent profile approach. Pediatric Exercise Science. ISSN 0899-8493

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Abstract

Purpose: This study investigated the associations between physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior (SB) and executive function (EF) in preadolescents.

Methods: One hundred and twenty preadolescents were recruited from two Hong Kong primary schools. PA and SB were recorded for seven consecutive days by accelerometer. EF performance, including inhibition (Stroop task, ST; Flanker task, FT) and working memory (Sternberg Paradigm task, SPT) were measured. Body mass index (BMI) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF, multi-stage fitness test) were tested. Latent profile analysis explored the profiles of PA and SB in preadolescents.

Results: Three distinct profiles were identified: Low Activity, Average Activity, and High Activity. Participants in Low Activity performed worse in the accuracy of ST (vs. Average Activity, P = 0.03; vs. High activity, P < 0.01), FT (vs. Average Activity, P = 0.02; vs. High activity, P < 0.001), and SPT (vs. Average Activity, P < 0.01; vs. High activity, P < 0.01). No significant difference was observed between participants with Average Activity and High Activity. No significant association was observed for profiles on BMI and CRF.

Conclusion: Supplementing the consensus of the literature that moderate-to-vigorous physical activity benefits cognition, we conclude that light physical activity enhances preadolescents' executive functioning.

Item Type: Journal article
Alternative Title: Physical activity and executive function [running head]
Publication Title: Pediatric Exercise Science
Creators: Zhu, Y., Sun, F., Chow, G.C.C., Tao, S., Cooper, S.B., Zhang, B. and Wong, T.W.L.
Publisher: Human Kinetics
Date: 20 July 2022
ISSN: 0899-8493
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1123/pes.2022-0016DOI
1578728Other
Rights: Accepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from Pediatric Exercise Science, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1123-pes.2022-0016. © 2022 Human Kinetics, Inc.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 01 Aug 2022 14:16
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2022 14:16
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/46798

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