Thermal instability and vibration characteristics of laminated composite struts with graphene reinforcements: an analysis of distribution patterns and geometrical imperfections

Nikrad, S.F., Akbarzadeh, A.H., Bodaghi, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-0707-944X, Hamidinejad, M. and Chen, Z.T., 2024. Thermal instability and vibration characteristics of laminated composite struts with graphene reinforcements: an analysis of distribution patterns and geometrical imperfections. Thin-Walled Structures, 202: 112083. ISSN 0263-8231

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This study explores the effect of local buckling on the compressive performance of slender structural elements, particularly those with thin-walled sections. The phenomenon of local buckling significantly reduces the axial compressive stiffness, leading to a notable decrease in the load-bearing capacity of these elements. The main goal of this research is to examine how the post-buckling characteristics of polymeric composite channel section struts can be improved under thermal loading by incorporating multi-layer graphene reinforcements. The solution methodology incorporates the von Karman geometrical nonlinearity and is based on the layerwise third-order shear deformation theory (LW-TSDT). To ascertain the precision and computational performance of the results derived from LW-TSDT, a three-dimensional (3D) finite element model is created in ABAQUS for comparative evaluation. An extensive analysis of nonlinear thermal instability in perfect and geometrically imperfect FG-GRC laminated channel section struts is undertaken to discern the graphene distribution patterns that are most and least effective in elevating the critical buckling temperature and natural frequencies through pre- and post-buckling conditions. The comparative analysis indicates that employing the FG-X graphene distribution pattern across the thickness of the web and flanges in channel section struts leads to a projected increase of 12 % in the critical buckling temperature for clamped channel section struts, in contrast to those that adopt the FGO graphene distribution pattern. For cases with simply-supported boundary conditions, this increase is noted to be approximately 9 %. Moreover, findings confirm that incorporating an asymmetric graphene distribution pattern (FGV) or introducing geometrical imperfections in the flanges and web that generate a bending moment within the structure from the beginning of thermal loading effectively prevents the primary natural frequencies of FG-GRC channel section struts from declining to zero close to the critical buckling temperature. This is significantly different from scenarios involving perfectly structured and symmetrically reinforced graphene distribution patterns such as FGX.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Thin-Walled Structures
Creators: Nikrad, S.F., Akbarzadeh, A.H., Bodaghi, M., Hamidinejad, M. and Chen, Z.T.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: September 2024
Volume: 202
ISSN: 0263-8231
S0263823124005263Publisher Item Identifier
Rights: © 2024 the author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 13 Jun 2024 13:02
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2024 13:02

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