Who helps and why? A longitudinal exploration of volunteer role identity, between-group closeness, and community identification as predictors of coordinated helping during the COVID-19 pandemic

Wakefield, J. ORCID: 0000-0001-9155-9683, Bowe, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-0491-1472 and Kellezi, B. ORCID: 0000-0003-4825-3624, 2022. Who helps and why? A longitudinal exploration of volunteer role identity, between-group closeness, and community identification as predictors of coordinated helping during the COVID-19 pandemic. British Journal of Social Psychology. ISSN 0144-6665

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Abstract

Mutual aid groups have allowed community members to respond collectively to the COVID-19 pandemic, providing essential support to the vulnerable. While research has begun to explore the benefits of participating in these groups, there is a lack of work investigating who is likely to engage in this form of aid-giving, although early accounts suggest existing volunteers have played a significant part in the mutual aid phenomena. Taking a social identity approach, the present study sought to identify what social psychological processes predict this continued engagement by exploring predictors of coordinated COVID-19 aid-giving for pre-existing volunteers. A two-wave longitudinal online survey study (N = 214) revealed that volunteer role identity among existing volunteers at T1 (pre-pandemic) positively predicted perceptions of volunteer-beneficiary intergroup closeness at T1, which in turn positively predicted community identification at T1. This in turn positively predicted coordinated COVID-19 aid-giving at T2 (3 months later). This paper therefore reveals the intra- and intergroup predictors of pandemic-related coordinated aid-giving in pre-existing volunteers. Implications for voluntary organisations and emergency voluntary aid provision are discussed.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: British Journal of Social Psychology
Creators: Wakefield, J., Bowe, M. and Kellezi, B.
Publisher: Wiley
Date: 21 January 2022
ISSN: 0144-6665
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1111/BJSO.12523DOI
1510293Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 24 Jan 2022 12:02
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2022 12:02
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/45397

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